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U.S. DEPARTMENT 
OF HEALTH AND 
HUMAN SERVICES 



Public Health 
Service 



National Institutes 
of Health 



Prepared by the staffs of [he 

Office of Program Planning & Evaluation 

and tfie 

Division of Research Grants 

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 
June 1982 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington. D.C. 20402 



:/,IJ'/J •.JfU.Lu-'- ' .'"■ PIIRI ir HFAI TH 



nf^.r^^^ 



PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE 










TECHNICAL NOTE 



The NIH Data Soo/r (Basic Data Relating to the National Institutes 
of Health) has been pubished annually since 1961 . Single copies 
of the current issue are available at NIH information offices. 

The booklet is prepared under the direction of the Chief, Pro- 
gram Analysis Branch, DPA, OPPE. Data are derived from NIH 
records and studies unless otherwise noted. DPA develops the data 
on national support for health R&D from annual surveys and other 
sources. The Statistics and Analysis Branch, DRG, compiles the 
data on NIH awards. The Division of Financial Management (OA) 
is the source of information on NIH obligations and appropriations. 
(See "Abbreviations," page 59.) 

Programs that have been transferred out of NIH — NIMH, DRMP, 
DBS, and BHME — are excluded from all data except national and 
Federal time series. DRR, though located in BHME from 4/68 to 
9/70, is always included with Institutes and Research Divisions. 
The transition quarter (see "TQ," page 60) is excluded throughout. 
The NIMH portion of GRS grants, which were administered by DRR, 
is included In all award data through 1974. (See "Chronology," 
page 52, for major organizational changes.) 

"Health R&D" denotes medical and health-related projects, 
resources, and general support, but no training or construction. 
In health R&D series (pages 1-5), the NIH component contains cer- 
tain items not classified as research in other tables, such as 



cancer control, portions of NLM and direct operations, and foreign cur- 
rency funds not directly appropriated to NIH. 

All award data exclude scientific evaluation grants ($1 1 million in 
FY 1981) and interagency agreements. Supplemental awards, unless 
noted, are only counted when the parent award is from prior years' 
funds, and such supplements If multiple are counted as one. See Table 
27 for classification of research grants. 

Differences between "obligations" (Tables &e) and "awards" (Tables 
13-31) are caused by differences in treatment of certain items (cancer 
control, scientific evaluation, administering vs. funding l/RD compilations, 
etc.) in the accounting methods used by the various data sources. The 
largest difference reflects the handling of cancer control, which is iden- 
tified in obligation tables but partially integrated in award presentations. 

For mortality and morbidity, 1978 data are based on the Eighth 
Revision of the International Classification of Diseases; 1980 data, 
on the Ninth Revision. Comparability ratios are available from NCHS. 
See telephone numbers, pages 19-21. 

Detail may not add to totals because of rounding and, where 
noted, because of data included in totals only. Historical data are 
often revised. 

Leonore Wagner and Dorothy Boykin, editors 
(301) 496-9291 



CONTENTS 

NIH in the National Health Scene 

National Health R&D, 1971 and 1981, as Related to Total R&D Cost 
and Total Health Cost (Figure 1 ) 1 

National Support for Health R&D by Source or Performer, 1971-1982 
(Table 1) 2 

National Support for Health R&D by Source and Performer, 1981 
(Table 2) 3 

National Support for Health R&D by Source, 1971-1982 
(Figure 2) 4 

Federal Obligations for Health R&D by Source or Performer, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 3) 5 

OMAR Consensus Development Conferences, 1977-1982 
(Table 4) 6 

NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

NIH Appropriations by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1972-1982 
(Table 5) 9 

NIH Obligations by Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 6) 10 



NIH Appropriations and Obligations 

NIH Obligations by NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 7) 11 

NIH Obligations by l/RD, Program Activity, and Function/Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 8) 12 

NIH Health Research Support by SATT Category and l/RD, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 9) 18 

National Mortality and Morbidity Data 

Mortality From Selected Causes, United States, 1968 and 1978 
(Table 10) 19 

Morbidity From Selected Chronic Conditions, United States, 1980 
(Table 11) 20 

Morbidity From Selected Acute Conditions, United States, 1980 
(Table 12) 21 

NIH Awards 

NIH Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 13) 22 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 14) 23 



NIH Awards 

NLM Awards by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 15) 26 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Funding l\^echanlsm, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 16) 27 

NIH Awards by State and Funding IVIechanism, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 17) 28 

NIH Awards by Kind of Performing Institution, Fiscal Years 1972-1981 
(Table 18) 31 

NIH Awards by Kind of Performing Institution and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 19) 32 

NIH Awards to U.S. Institutions of Higher Education by Component and Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 20) 34 

NIH Awards by NIH Component and Performing Institution, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 21) 36 

NIH Awards to U.S. Medical Schools by Funding Mechanism, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 22) 37 

Number of Applications for NIH Competing Research Projects Reviewed, 
Recommended for Approval by Councils, and Awarded, Selected Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Figure 3) 38 



NIH Awards 

Applications for NIH Competing Research Projects Reviewed, 
Recommended for Approval by Councils, and Awarded, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 23) 39 

Award Rates for NIH Competing Research Projects by NIH Component, 
Fiscal Years 1971, 1976, and 1978-1981 
(Table 24) 40 

NIH Research Grants by Type, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Figure 4) 41 

NIH Research Grants by Type, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 25) 42 

NIH Competing and Noncompeting Research Grants by NIH Component and Type, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 26) 43 

NIH Competing and Noncompeting Research Grants by Kind and Type, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 27) 44 

NIH Research Grants by Kind of Grant and NIH Component, Fiscal Year 1981 
(Table 28) 45 

NIH Research Grants by Kind of Grant, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 29) 47 

Average Size of NIH Awards by Kind of Award and NIH Component, Fiscal Years 1971 and 1981 
(Table 30) 48 



NIH Awards 

Indirect Costs of NIH Research Grants by Type of Performer, Fiscal Years 1971-1981 
(Table 31) 50 



Clinical Center 

Clinical Center Data on NIH by Component, and on NIMH, Fiscal Years 1975, 1978, and 1981 
(Table 32) 51 



Chronology of Important Events in the Development of NIH Programs 52 

Abbreviations 59 

Index 61 



Figure 1 
NATIONAL HEALTH R&D, 1971 AND 1981, AS RELATED TO 



. . . TOTAL R&D COST* 


1971 


! 


$26.7 BILLION 




^HEALTH R&D $3.2 (11 


.9%) 


1981 
est. 


"J 




$69.1 BILLION 



HEALTH R&D $8.6 (12.4%) 



TOTAL HEALTH COST ' 



$79.9 BILLION 



HEALTH R&D $3.2 (4.0%) 



NATIONAL EXPENDITURES FOR HEALTH, 
TOTAL R&D, AND HEALTH R&D, 1971-1981 



$300 
200 




'. " HEALTH R&D 



I I I I I I I 



1971 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 '78 '79 '80 '81 



1981 
est. 



X 



HEALTH R&D $8.6 (3.1%) 



S277.6 BILLION 



Source: NSF and NIH. 'Source: HCFA, with adjustments of R&D (and therefore of totals) to conform to NIH data. 



Table 1 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, 1971-1982* 

(Millions of Dollars) 



Sector 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 1975 IS^S 
est. 


1977 


1978 
est. 


1979 


1980 
est. 


1981 
est. 


1982 
est. 


Total of A or B 


$3,168 


$3,536 


$3,750 


$4,443 $4,701 $5,107 


$5,621 


$6,279 


$7,128 


$7,942 


$8,598 


$9,253 


A. BY SOURCE OF FUNDS 



Government 
Federal 

NIH 
State & local 


2,075 

1,877 

(1,039) 

198 


2.375 

2.147 

(1,271) 

228 


2,470 
2,226 
(1,323) 

245 


3,008 
2.754 
(1,737) 

254 


3.118 

2,832 

(1,880) 

286 


3.371 
3.059 
(2,060) 

312 


3,734 

3.396 

(2,280) 

338 


4.197 

3.811 

(2,581) 

386 


4,736 

4,321 

(2,953) 

415 


5.196 

4.723 

(3,182) 

473 


5.405 

4.898 

(3,333) 

507 


5.523 

4.983 

(3,430) 

540 


Industry 


860 


934 


1.048 


1,183 


1.319 


1.469 


1,614 


1.800 


2.093 


2.433 


2,864 


3,381 


Private nonprofit 
Foundations 

Voluntary health agencies 
Other 


233 
83 
63 
87 


227 
77 
63 
87 


232 
75 
70 
87 


252 
79 
84 
89 


264 
86 
85 
93 


267 
76 
94 
97 


273 
71 
102 
ICO 


282 
65 
113 
104 


299 
60 
131 
108 


313 
54 
148 

111 


329 
50 
166 
113 


349 
45 
186 

118 


S. BY PERFORMER 


Govern merit 
Federal* 
State & local 


677 
568 
109 


730 
609 
121 


772 
629 

143 


826 
668 
158 


843 
715 
128 


904 
780 
124 


1.003 
867 
136 


1.163 

1,032 

131 


1.264 

1.120 

144 


1.439 

1.284 

155 


1.528 

1.370 

158 


1,519 

1.361 

158 


Industry^ 


888 


964 


1.043 


1,207 


1.334 


1.483 


1.546 


1.680 


1.932 


2.249 


2.525 


2,948 


Private nonprofit 
Higher education' 
Other' 


1,499 

1,172 

327 


1,724 

1.365 

359 


1.772 

1,396 

376 


2.203 

1.725 

478 


2.301 

1,808 

493 


2.461 

1,945 

516 


2,769 

2.177 

592 


3,099 

2.459 

640 


3.529 
2.818 

711 


3.780 

3.038 

742 


3.969 

3.197 

772 


4.103 

3,316 

787 


Foreign* 


104 


118 


163 


207 


223 


259 


303 


337 


403 


474 


576 


683 


"Revised data for 1981-1982 for Tables 1-3 will be available in the Fall of 1982 from OPPE-NIH (301) 496-9291. 


^Revised, 1972-1979. ^Includes program 


management & direct 



Table 2 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE AND PERFORMER, 1981 (EST.) 

(Millions of Dollars) 











Performer 
























of support 


Total 




State 




Higfier 


Otfier 








Federal 


and local 


Industry 


education 


nonprofit 


Foreign 


Total 


$8,598 


$1,370 


$158 


$2,525 


$3,197 


$772 


$576 


Federal 


4,898 


1,369 


72 


322 


2,478 


605 


52 


NIH 


(3,333)* 


(640) 


(47) 


(141) 


(1,997) 


(484) 


(24) 


State & local 


507 


— 


79 


— 


427 


1 


— 


Industry 


2,864 


— 


7 


2,203 


93 


45 


516 


Private nonprofit 


329 


1 


— 


— 


199 


121 


8 



SOURCE 
Federal $8,598 

NIH ($3,333)* 
Industry $2,864 



PERFORMER 



Federal 28% 


Higfier education 51% 


Otfier 21% 


1 1 1 1 1 


Federal 19% 


Higher education 60% 


Otfier 21% 


1 1 1 1 1 


U.S. industry 77% 


Foreign 18% 


5%^ 




1 


1 1 




1 





Includes researcti grants (70%), contracts (11%), intramural researcti (12%), and appropriate management costs, interagency agreements, etc. (7%). 
■''Otfier. 



Figure 2 

NATIONAL SUPPORT FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE, 1971-1982 

(Dollars in Millions) 



TOTALS IN CURRENT AND , 
CONSTANT (1971) DOLLARS 



$9,500 


$9,000 
7,000 
5,000 
3,000 


- 














^' 


$9,253 
pro). 


$9,253 




9.000 


CURRENT %^y^ 

CONSTANT S 

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 






10% 






$8,598 




OTHER 






10% 




8,000 


$4,0 


$7,942 




36% 






10% 


_ 




7,000 


70 «^'^2« 




33% 


INDUSTRY 


$6,279 


10% 


— 


31% 












30% 




6,000 


- oT 1 

1971 72 


" 






11% 








$5,621 






5,000 






$5,107 


11"% 




29% 












11% 


— 


29% 


— 


18% 


17% 


OTHER 










12% 




19% 


4,000 


..,.„ 


11% 




29% 


19% 


FEDERAL 




$3,168 




$3,536 
13% 


: 


13% 


— 


27% 


■— 


28% 


19"'o 




3.000 


— 


14% 
27% 




26% 


28% 


23% 


20% 


20% 


20% 


4W- 


40": 


39:.- 


37=0 






4,30 


NIH 




25= c 


24" 


40»o, 


40" 






26% 


39" 


40»>i 




1,000 



36 »c 


. 35»o 






mm 

;33%: 







Constant dollars based on biomedical R&D price index, 1979-1982. For 1982. based on percentage increase in estimated GNP implicit price deflator, with projected 
biomedical R&D price index, 227.3. 



Table 3 
FEDERAL OBLIGATIONS FOR HEALTH R&D BY SOURCE OR PERFORMER, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

(Millions of Dollars) 





1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 (est.) 


1977 


1978 (est.) 


1979 


1980 (est.) 


1981 (est.) 


Total of A or B 


$1,876.6 


$2,147.3 


$2,225.3 


$2,753.6 


$2,631.7 


$3,056.7 


$3,395.9 


$3,811.2 


$4,321.2 


$4,722.6 


$4,897.8 


A. BY SOURCE OF FUNDS * 


HHS (HEW) 


1,316.0 


1,584.3 


1,609.9 


2,092.2 


2,196.6 


2,382.7 


2,651.5 


3.012.6 


3,450.7 


3,694.0 


3,874.2 


NIH 


1,038.9 


1,271.3 


1.323.2 


1,736.8 


1.879.9 


2,060.2 


2,279.9 


2,580.9 


2,953.1 


3,181.8 


3,333.3 


Other PHS 


247.6 


275.8 


254.7 


315.2 


278.5 


287.7 


308.4 


364.3 


419.9 


458.0 


491.5 


Other HHS (HEW) 


29.4 


37.1 


32.0 


40.2 


38.2 


34.8 


63.2 


67.5 


77.6 


54.1 


49.4 


Other agencies 


560.6 


563.1 


615.4 


661.4 


635.1 


675.9 


744.4 


798.6 


870.5 


1,028.6 


1,023.6 


Agriculture 


60.3 


67.3 


61.1 


59.7 


61.4 


61.7 


85.6 


96.5 


112.4 


147.3 


148.9 


Defense 


124.2 


126.0 


126.6 


119.0 


115.9 


120.6 


150.5 


164.4 


186.4 


211.0 


242.8 


Education' 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


32.1 


30.5 


Energy (ERDA, AEC) 


104.9 


102.7 


110.6 


121.4 


163.9 


167.9 


181.2 


193.2 


191.8 


210.9 


197.5 


Environmental Protection 


13.1 


14.5 


20.3 


18.8 


38.1 


63.0 


56.2 


56.6 


67.2 


78.1 


74.5 


Int'l Dev Coop Agency (AID) 


15.2 


15.1 


16.3 


10.3 


6.4 


8.8 


23.7 


17.2 


20.2 


13.4 


13.6 


Aeronautics & Space 


74.9 


50.3 


42.3 


80.1 


74.9 


72.9 


47.8 


56.6 


41.4 


71.8 


67.7 


National Science Foundation 


34.3 


37.2 


45.5 


47.0 


44.7 


51.8 


55.4 


65.3 


73.8 


75.7 


66.4 


Veterans 


62.7 


68.9 


74.2 


84.0 


94.8 


97.7 


107.0 


114.0 


127.0 


133.4 


144.4 


Other 


71.1 


81.0 


118.6 


121.2 


35.0 


31.5 


37.0 


34.9 


50.3 


54.9 


37.3 


a BY PERFORMER 


Intramural (Federal) 


566.5 


608.2 


627.3 


667.9 


714.2 


779.3 


865.9 


1,031.0 


1,119.1 


1,282.9 


1,368.7 


Extramural (non-Federal) 


1,310.1 


1,539.1 


1,598.0 


2,085.8 


2,117.4 


2,279.3 


2,529.9 


2,780.2 


3,202.2 


3,439.7 


3,529.1 


State & local 


51.5 


60.2 


79.3 


91.6 


60.0 


52.9 


61.4 


54.3 


65.5 


72.3 


71.8 


Industry^ 


128.6 


158.8 


176.3 


248.4 


257.7 


287.5 


254.0 


256.0 


287.4 


352.0 


322.2 


Private nonprofit 


1,089.1 


1,289.3 


1,318.3 


1,716.8 


1,769.8 


1,898.0 


2,168.0 


2,419.6 


2,802.6 


2,970.8 


3,083.7 


Higher education* 


869.4 


1,025.4 


1,039.5 


1,347.0 


1,388.3 


1,494.7 


1,696.2 


1,909.7 


2,230.6 


2,377.5 


2,478.3 


Medical schools^ 


(436.0) 


(507.8) 


(618.3) 


(809.7) 


(851.0) 


(896.9) 


(1,003.6) 


(1.146.9) 


(1,349.4) 


(1,424.6) 


(1,506.3) 


Other* 


229.7 


264.0 


278.8 


369.7 


381.5 


403.3 


471.8 


509.8 


572.0 


593.3 


605.4 


Foreign 


40.9 


30.8 


24.1 


29.1 


30.0 


40.9 


46.5 


50.3 


46.7 


44.7 


51.4 



* As organized in year specified. '^Office of Handicapped Research, formerly part of "Other HHS (HEW)." ^Includes Federally Funded R&D Centers. ^NIH medical school contracts 
are excluded, 1971-1972, but are included in Higher Education for all years. 



Table 4 
OMAR CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCES, 1977-1982 



The Office for Medical Applications of Research (OMAR) in the Office of the Director, NIH, is the focal point for activities aimed at improving 
the translation of biomedical research results into knowledge that can be effectively applied in the practice of medicine and public health. 
In carrying this out, OMAR facilitates and coordinates technical consensus development activities at NIH. The following represent Consensus 
Conferences held from 1 977 through Spring 1 982 and planned for Fall 1 982. For further information, contact OMAR office, (301 ) 496-1 1 43. 



Date 



1977 




Sep 


14-16 


1978 




May 


22 


Jun. 


13-14 


Jun. 


26-28 


Jul. 


10-11 


Jul. 


20 


Sep 


14 


Sep 


18-20 


Nov 


10-11 


Dec 


4-5 



Conference Title 



Breast Cancer Screening 



Educational Needs of Physicians and Public Regarding Asbestos Exposure 

Dental Implants Benefit and Risk 

Mass Screening for Colo-Rectal Cancer 

Treatable Brain Diseases in the Elderly 

Indications for Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy: Phase I 

Availability of Insect Sting Kits to Non-Physicians 

Mass Screening for Lung Cancer 

Supportive Therapy in Burn Care 

Surgical Treatment of Morbid Obesity 



Sponsor 



NCI 



NCI 

NIDR 

NCI 

NIA 

NINCDS 

NIAID 

NCI 

NIGMS 

NIADDK 



(Continued) 



Table 4 (Cont.) 
OMAR CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCES, 1977-1982 



Date 



Conference Title 



Sponsor 



Feb. 15-16 
Mar. 5-7 
Apr. 23-24 
Apr. 26-27 
Jun. 5 
Jun. 27-29 
Sep. 10-11 
Sep. 13-14 
Oct. 15 
Oct. 17-19 
Nov. 28-30 



Pain, Discomfort, and Humanitarian Care 

Antenatal Diagnosis 

Transfusion Therapy in Pregnant Sickle Cell Disease Patients 

Improving Clinical and Consumer Blood Pressure Measuring Devices 

Primary Breast Cancer: Management of Local Diseases 

Steroid Receptors in Breast Cancer 

Intraocular Lens Implantation 

Estrogen Use and Postmenopausal Women 

Amantadine in tfie Prevention and Treatment of Influenza 

The Use of Microprocessor-Based "Intelligent" Machines in Patient Care 

Removal of Third Molars 



HHS 

NICHD 

NHLBI 

NHLBI 

NCI 

NCI 

NEI 

NIA 

NIAID 

DRS 

NIDR 



Apr. 10-12 
May 19-20 
Jul. 14-16 
Jul. 23-25 
Aug. 20-22 



Thrombolytic Therapy in Thrombosis 
Febrile Seizures 

Adjuvant Chemotherapy of Breast Cancer 
Cervical Cancer Screening: The Pap Smear 
Endoscopy in Upper Gl Bleeding 



NHLBI 

NINCDS 

NCI 

NCI, NIA, NICHD 

NIADDK 



(Continued) 



Table 4 (Cont.) 
OMAR CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCES, 1977-1982 





Date 


1980 (Continued) 


Sept 


. 22-24 


Sep. 


29-Oct. 1 


Dec. 


3-5 


1981 




Mar. 


2-4 


Nov. 


4-6 


1982 




Jan. 


13-15 


Mar. 


1-3 


Nov. 


1-3 (planned) 



Conference Title 



Childbirth by Cesarean Delivery 

CEA: Its Role as a Marker in the Management of Cancer 

Coronary Bypass Surgery 



Reye's Syndrome 
CT Scan of the Brain 



Defined Diets and Childhood Hyperactivity 

Hip Joint Replacement 

Clinical Applications of Biomaterlals 



Sponsor 



NICHD 




NCI 




NHLBI 




NINCDS, 


NIAID, 


NICHD 


, NIEHS, DRS 


NINCDS, 


NCI 


NIADDK, 


NICHD 


NIADDK 




DRS 





Table 5 

NIH APPROPRIATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1972-1982*'* 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(Dollars in Thousands) 



























Percent 


Percent 


NIH componem 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 


1977 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1982* 


change 
1972-82 


change 
1981-82 


Total 


SI ,506,156 


SI ,762,565 


$1,790,425 


S2,092,S97 


$2,302,126 


S2,544,078 


S2,S42,S36 


S3,189,976 


S3 ,428 ,335 


$3,569,406 


$3,640,136 


141 .7H 


2.0H 


wa)— total 


1,466,752 


1,713,455 


1,744,554 


2,043,721 


2,200,691 


2,424.510 


2.720,767 


3,097,138 


3,360,670 


3,490,459 


3,563,324 


142.9 


2.1 


NIAID 


103.968 


107.719 


111.089 


119.452 


126.852 


141.000 


16i341 


191.328 


215.384 


232,077 


235.895 


126.9 


1.6 


NIADDK 


145.036 


158.132 


153.561 


173.514 


179516 


219,600 


260.253 


302.767 


341,206 


369,462 


368.191 


153.9 


- 0.3 


NCI 


37a742 


485.5(» 


527.486 


691.666 


761.727 


815.000 


87a 388 


936.737 


999.8ra 


989.355 


986.617 


164.7 


- 03 


NICHD 


112.447 


126.027 


125.455 


142.435 


136.404 


145.543 


166.390 


197.630 


208,953 


220.628 


226.309 


101.3 


2.6 


NIA 


_ 


_ 


— 


— 


19.288 


30.000 


37.305 


56.911 


69.988 


75.608 


81.903 


— 


8.3 


(NICHD & NIA) 


(112.447) 


(126.027) 


(125.455) 


(142,435) 


(155.692) 


(175.543) 


(203,K5) 


(254.541) 


(278.941) 


(296.236) 


(308.212) 


174.1 


4.0 


NIDR 


42,348 


45,840 


43.959 


50.033 


51,291 


55,573 


61.728 


65,213 


68,303 


71.114 


71,983 


70.0 


1.2 


NIEHS 


25.945 


30.412 


28.397 


35.171 


37.660 


51.141 


64^41 


78,080 


83,893 


93,491 


106,270 


309.6 


13.7 


NIGKtS 


166,348 


175.289 


168.329 


187.400 


187,312 


205.000 


230.796 


277.628 


31^468 


333.764 


339,862 


104.3 


1.8 


NHLBI 


224.302 


290.784 


289.550 


324.630 


370,013 


395.661 


447,909 


510.134 


527.488 


549.693 


559.637 


149.5 


1.8 


NINCDS 


111,595 


124.526 


121.358 


142.498 


144,446 


155.500 


178.438 


212,365 


241.966 


252.533 


265.901 


138.3 


5,3 


NB 


35.548 


36.809 


41,177 


44.133 


50,212 


64,000 


85.400 


105.192 


112,989 


117.983 


127,374 


258.3 


8.0 


nc , 


4,307 


4.666 


4,767 


5.589 


5,705 


7.992 


8.483 


8,989 


3,987 


9.124 


9,205 


113.7 


8.9 


drr: 


74,981 


75.073 


75,273 


76.979 


79.714 


86.812 


93.450 


94.534 


103.144 


109.629 


116,568 


56.5 


6.3 


GRS'* 


47,185 


52.573 


53.153 


50.221 


50.551 


50.688 


51,645 


59.630 


66.052 


65.998 


67,609 


43.3 


2.4 


NLM 


24,127 


28.568 


25,871 


28.850 


29.065 


35.234 


37,619 


41.431 


43.979 


44.666 


44.402 


84.0 


- 0.6 


OD 


11.712 


ia042 


12.000 


17.326 


18,370 


15.934 


18,900 


20.457 


21.036 


22.531 


22,562 


92.6 


0.1 


Btdgs. &facimies 


3.565 


8.500 


8,000 


3.000 


54.000 


67.400 


65,650 


30.950 


3,250 


11.750 


9,898 


177.6 


-15.8 



'Exdudes Foreign Currency Programs. 'GRS grants ^b shown as a One item throughput the tabte, though separatety budgeted onty artce 1974 {under DRR). This tTBatmenl 
the indfvidual institute appropriatkxis prior to 1974 (wittxxjt affectir^ the NiH totals). "^Continuing Resolution (P.L 97-161.) ^Includes MBS grants. 



Table 6 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 ' 

Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 

(Thousands of Dollars) 



Function/mechanism 


1971 


1972 


1973 


1974 


1975 


1976 


1977 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


Total 


$1,211,979 


SI, 505,793 


$1,523,101 


$1,994,431 


$2,108,886 


$2,238,410 


$2,581,988 


$2,828,014 


$3,184,641 


$3,428,842 


$3,572,506 


1/RD 


1,180.600 


1,465,617 


1,483,530 


1,945,224 


2,056,904 


2,185,528 


2,420,685 


2,716,369 


3,093,986 


3,350,229 


3,488,327 


Grants & contracts 


1,003,199 


1,259,376 


1.255,585 


1,685,423 


1 ,744,098 


1,836,239 


2,018,103 


2,258,885 


2,592,827 


2,800,832 


2,897,444 


R&D grants 


695.439 


820,092 


841,358 


1,091,795 


1,146,934 


1,267,128 


1,422,499 


1 ,623,908 


1,930,511 


2,135,481 


2,313,058 


R&D contracts 


154.907 


229,630 


254.220 


335,291 


346,924 


367,921 


385,724 


410,747 


431,176 


406,832 


347,818 


Research training 


152.853 


158,651 


115.979 


186,489 


154,875 


119,998 


127,458 


143,926 


143,661 


176,388 


175,172 


Disease control 


- 


- 


5.223 


33,758 


50,389 


56,471 


60,482 


63,749 


70,107 


66,699 


56,165 


Construction 


- 


51,003 


38,805 


38,090 


44,976 


24,721 


21 ,940 


16,555 


17,372 


15,432 


5,231 


Direct activities 


177,401 


206,241 


227,945 


259,801 


312,806 


349,289 


402,582^ 


457,484 


501,159 


549,397 


590,883 


Research 


144.432 


160,404 


173,610 


189,033 


224,695 


240,524 


247,952* 


284,916 


345,432 


377,923 


413,427 


Prog. mgt. & others'* 


32.969 


45,837 


54,335 


70,768 


88,111 


108,765 


154,630* 


172,568 


155,727 


171,474 


177,456 


NLM 


21.382 


23,859 


24,964 


29.236 


28,843 


27.014 


34.527 


35,972 


40,538 


43,891 


44,660 


OD 


8.902 


11,242 


11.213 


12.695 


17,298 


18,334 


16,921 


18,857 


19,820 


20.781 


22,465 


Buildings & facilities 


1,095 


5,075 


3,394 


7,276 


5,841 


7,534 


109,855 


56,814 


30,297 


13,941 


17,054 



Excludes Foreign Currency Programs. Includes RCPAs. ^Reflects new budget structure from here on; not strictly comparable with prior years. ^Management of extramural pro- 
grams, ODs of l/RDs. and some management costs applicable to overall operations. 



1 



Table 7 

NIH OBLIGATIONS BY NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 * 

In Current and Constant Dollars (Millions), Excluding Programs That Have Been Transferred Out 



Fiscal 
year 


Total 


NIA 


MAID 


NIADDK 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLSI 


NINCDS 


DRB+ 


FIC 


NLM 


















CURRENT DOLLARS 
















1971 


$1,212.0 


$ - 


$102.1 


$137.9 


$232.9 


$ 94.7 


$35.2 


$20.1 


$ 30.0 


$159.8 


$194.8 


$103.4 


$ 66.2 


$3.4 


$21.4 




1972 


1,505.8 


— 


109.0 


153.3 


378.6 


116.5 


43.3 


26.4 


36.9 


173.3 


232.6 


116.4 


75.0 


4.2 


23.9 




1973 


1,523.1 


_ 


103.0 


142.8 


431.2 


111.2 


40.9 


26.1 


34.4 


154.0 


255.7 


107.4 


72.8 


3.9 


25.0 




1974 


1,994.4 


_ 


120.8 


177.4 


581.0 


144.1 


50.0 


32.1 


45.2 


183.6 


327.3 


143.5 


130.1 


5.0 


29.2 




1975 


2,108.9 


— 


119.4 


173.6 


699.3 


142.4 


50.0 


35.9 


43.7 


189.5 


327.8 


142.4 


127.1 


5.7 


28.8 




1976 


2,238.4 


19.2 


125.6 


174.9 


760.5 


135.9 


50.7 


36.8 


50.1 


186.9 


368.6 


140.4 


130.3 


5.7 


27.0 




1977 


2,582.0 


29.9 


140.4 


219.4 


814.9 


145.1 


55.4 


50.9 


63.7 


204.8 


396.5 


154.6 


137.4 


7.7 


34.5 




1978 


2,828.0 


37.1 


161.8 


259.9 


872.4 


165.8 


61.7 


63.9 


85.2 


230.4 


447.8 


177.3 


144.8 


8.3 


36.0 




1979 


3,184.6 


56.5 


191.1 


302.7 


936.7 


197.3 


65.0 


77.5 


104.9 


277.3 


510.0 


212.1 


154.1 


8.9 


40.5 




1980 


3,428.8 


69.7 


214.7 


340.1 


998.0 


208.3 


67.6 


83.6 


109.6 


312.3 


527.1 


241.4 


169.1 


8.7 


43.9 




1981 


3,572.5 


75.6 


232,0 


369.3 


989.3 


220.4 


71.1 


92.9 


117.7 


333.5 


549.7 


252.2 


175.6 


9.1 


44.7 


















CONSTANT DOLLARS 














Index 


1971 


1,212.0 


_ 


102.1 


137.9 


232.9 


94.7 


35.2 


20.1 


30.0 


159.8 


194.8 


103.4 


66.2 


3.4 


21.4 


100.0 


1972 


1,435.6 


— 


104.0 


146.2 


361.0 


111.1 


41.3 


25.1 


35.2 


165.3 


221.7 


111.0 


71.5 


4.0 


22.7 


104.9 


1973 


1,384.8 


— 


93.7 


129.8 


392.1 


101.1 


37.2 


23.8 


31.3 


140.0 


232.5 


97.6 


66.2 


3.5 


22.7 


110.0 


1974 


1.704.9 


— 


103.3 


151.6 


496.7 


123.2 


42.8 


27.5 


38.6 


161.2 


279.7 


122.7 


111.2 


4.3 


25.0 


117.0 


1975 


1,628.6 


— 


92.2 


134.0 


540.0 


110.0 


38.6 


27.7 


33.8 


146.4 


253.2 


110.0 


98.2 


4.4 


22.3 


129.5 


1976 


1,608.5 


13.8 


90.2 


125.7 


546.5 


97.6 


36.4 


26.4 


36.0 


134.3 


264.8 


100.9 


93.6 


4.1 


19.4 


139.2 


1977 


1,718.5 


19.9 


93.4 


146.1 


542.4 


96.6 


36.9 


33.9 


42.4 


136.3 


263.9 


102.9 


91.5 


5.1 


23.0 


150.3 


1978 


1,740.6 


23.0 


100.2 


161.0 


540.4 


102.7 


38.2 


39.6 


52.8 


142.7 


277.4 


109.8 


89.7 


5.1 


11.1 


161.4 


1979 


1,822.6 


32.3 


109.4 


173.2 


536.1 


112.9 


37.2 


44.3 


60.0 


158.7 


291.9 


121.4 


88.2 


5.1 


23.2 


174.7 


1980 


1,798.7 


36.6 


112.6 


178.4 


523.6 


109.3 


35.5 


43.9 


57.5 


163.8 


276.5 


126.6 


88.7 


4.5 


23.0 


190.6 


1981 


1,700.4 


36.0 


110.4 


175.8 


470.9 


104.9 


33.8 


44.2 


56.0 


158.7 


261.6 


120.0 


83.6 


4.3 


21.3 


210.1 



OD and Buildings & Facilities are included in totals only. Excludes Foreign Currency Progranns. Constant dollars are based on biomedical R&D price index. '''Includes GRS programs 
for 1974-1981, formerly spread among l/RDs (but 1973 funds released in 1974 are spread). 



Table 8 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research training 


Disease 
control 


Research 


Other 
direct* 


Program 




Projects 


Centers 


Other 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


(ODs) 


Total l/RO 


$3,488,327+ 


$1,766,640 


$340,878 


$205,540 


$347,818 


$30,897 


$144,275 


$56,165 


$413,427 


$141,677 


$35,779 


NIA 


75,596 


42,954 


228 


4,407 


5,769 


650 


1,948 


- 


13,161 


4,268 


2,211 


Aging 


55.956 


42.954 


228 


4.407 


5.769 


650 


1.948 


- 


- 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


13,161 


- 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


- 


13.161 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


4.268 


— 


— 


- 


— 


— 


— 


- 


— 


4.268 


- 


Program management 


2.211 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


— 


- 


— 


— 


2.211 


NIAiD 


232,028 


150,322 


4,055 


4,379 


11,095 


2,069 


6,698 


- 


41,347 


9,415 


2,648 


Immunotogy; immunologic and allergic 


70.530 


59,642 


4.055 


1.994 


1,676 


650 


2,513 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Microbiology & infectious diseases 


108,088 


90.680 


- 


2.385 


9.419 


1,419 


4,185 


- 


- 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


41.347 


— 


— 


— 




— 


— 


— 


41.347 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


9.415 


— 


- 


- 




— 


— 


— 


- 


9,415 


- 


Program management 


2.648 


— 


- 


- 


- 


— 


— 


- 


— 


- 


2.648 



Management of extramural programs and some management costs applicable to overall operations. 
Includes NCI construction awards {$5,231 thousand). 



Total NIH $3,572,506 

l/RD 3.488.327 

NLM 44.660 

CD 22.465 

BIdgs. &fac. 17.054 



Table 8 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


ResearcN training 


Disease 
control 


Research 


Other 
direct 


Program 
mgt 
(ODs) 




Projects 


Centers 


Other 


Indiv. 


Inst'l 


NIADDK 


$369,292 


$249,016 


520,681 


$13,027 


$ 7,550 


$3,639 


$16,170 


$ — 


$ 46,151 


$11,463 


$ 1,595 


Arthritis; bone & sltin diseases 


63,663 


47,869 


7,235 


2,727 


2,148 


455 


3,229 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Diabetes, endocrinology, & metabolism 


130,537 


102,012 


11,004 


6,350 


3,072 


1,797 


6,302 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Digestive diseases & nutrition 


55,281 


46,380 


2,442 


1,937 


552 


790 


3,180 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Kidney disease, urology, & hematology 


60,602 


52,755 


— 


2,013 


1,778 


597 


3,459 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


46,151 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


46,151 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


11,463 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


11,463 


— 


Program management 


1,595 


— 


— 


— 


- 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1,595 


NCI 


989,342^ 


355,455 


71,408 


70,506 


201,431 


4,046 


21,560 


56,165 


155,484 


37,294 


10,762 


Research 


814,730 


356,455 


— 


57,313 


201,263 


— 


— 


2,488 


155,484 


32,625 


10,102 


Cause & prevention 


276,527 


108,862 


— 


9,645 


102,699 


— 


— 


— 


41,472 


10,390 


3,459 


Deteo.ion & diagnosis 


52,185 


13,087 


— 


3,456 


14,280 


— 


— 


— 


16,985 


3,271 


1,106 


Treatment 


315,277 


127,747 


— 


41,018 


70,988 


— 


— 


2,488 


59,098 


10,614 


3,324 


Cancer biology 


170.741 


105,759 


— 


3,194 


13,296 


— 


— 


— 


37,929 


8,350 


2,213 


Resource development 


119,180^ 


— 


71,408 


13,193 


168 


4,046 


21,560 


286 


— 


3,021 


267 


Cancer centers support 


72,965 


— 


71,408 


— 


168 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1,275 


114 


Research manpower 


40,108^ 


— 


— 


13,193 


— 


4,046 


21,560 


286 


— 


940 


83 


Construction 


6,107' 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


806 


70 


Cancer control 


55,432 


— 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


53,391 


~ 


1,648 


393 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



(Continued) 



Table 8 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 


training 


Disease 
control 


Research 


Other^ 
direct 


Program 
mgl 
(ODs) 




Projects 


Centers 


Other 


Indiv, 


Insfl 


NICHD 


$220,366 


$129,105 


$22,349 


$4,608 


$18,264 


$1,283 


$7,817 


$- 


$25,335 


$9,736 


$1,869 


Research for mothers & children 


106,055 


82,658 


11,559 


3,238 


2,646 


623 


5,331 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Population 


77,371 


46,447 


10,790 


1,370 


15,618 


660 


2,486 


— 


— 


_ 


— 


Intramural research 


25,335 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


25.335 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


9,736 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


9.736 


— 


Program management 


1,869 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,869 


NIDR 


71,107 


31,250 


9,178 


1,344 


3,419 


1,390 


3,025 


— 


13,752 


6,386 


1,363 


Caries 


11,679 


6,374 


— 


298 


1.924 


273 


226 


— 


— 


2.584 


— 


Periodontal diseases 


8,811 


5,102 


1,702 


251 


391 


362 


1,003 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Restorative materials 


5,016 


3,405 


— 


201 


826 


82 


502 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Craniofacial anomalies 


9,270 


7,887 


- 


190 


133 


362 


698 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Pain control & behavioral studies 


3,296 


2,792 


- 


168 


- 


167 


169 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Soft tissue, stomatology, & nutrition 


6,642 


5,690 


- 


236 


145 


144 


427 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Dental research institutes 


7,476 


— 


7,476 


— 


- 


- 


— 


— 


- 


- 


— 


Intramural research 


13,752 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


13.752 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


3,802 


— 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3.802 


— 


Program management 


1.363 


— 


— 


~ 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1,363 



See footnotes at beginning of table 



Table 8 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 












l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 
contracts 


Research training 


Disease 
control 


Research 


Other 
direct* 


Program 
mgt 
(ODs) 




Projects 


Centers 


Other 


Indiv. 


Insfl 


NIEHS 


$ 92,923 


S32,866 


$9,603 


$1,039 


$9,904 


$ 614 


$5,891 


S — 


$27,943 


$2,692 


$2,371 


Prediction, detection, & assessment of 
























environmental diseases & disorders 


26,325 


18,735 


— 


702 


6,888 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Mechanisms of environmental diseases 
























& disorders 


17,484 


14,131 


— 


337 


3,016 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— • 


Resources for research & manpower 
























development 


16,108 


— 


9.603 


— 


— 


614 


5.891 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


27,943 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


27,943 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


2,692 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


_ 


— 


2,692 


— 


Program management 


2,371 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2,371 


NEI 


117,666 


85,037 


4,228 


4,391 


4,231 


1,418 


2,524 


— 


11,575 


2,917 


1,345 


Retinal & choroidal diseases 


42,263 


30,844 


2,868 


2,844 


4.231 


576 


900 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Corneal diseases 


16.769 


15,667 


26 


156 


_ 


188 


732 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Cataract 


9,721 


8,726 


428 


370 


— 


65 


132 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Glaucoma 


9,950 


8,437 


906 


294 


— 


63 


250 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Sensory motor disorders 
























& rehabilitation 


23,126 


21,363 


— 


727 


— 


526 


510 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


11,575 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


11,575 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


2,917 


_ 


_ 


_ 


_ 


— 


— 


— 


_ 


2,917 


— 


Program management 


1,345 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


— 


- 


— 


- 


1,345 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 8 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


RSD 


Research 


training 


Disease 


Research 


Other 


Program 






Projects 


Centers 


Other 


contracts 


Indiv. 


Insfl 


control 




direct* 


mgt 
(ODs) 


NIGMS 


$333,504 


$253,501 


$12,847 


$ 2,978 


$ 735 


$7,004 


$46,131 


$ — 


$ 559 


$ 8,058 


$1,671 


Cellular & molecular basis of disease 


113,084 


86,041 


504 


588 


30 


1,990 


23,931 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Genetics 


121,371 


104,484 


4,117 


535 


635 


3,647 


7,953 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Pharmacological sciences 


39,603 


30,025 


3,484 


152 


- 


603 


5,339 


- 


— 


— 


— 


Physiological & biomedical engineering 


44,643 


32,951 


4,742 


1,703 


70 


236 


4,941 


- 


— 


— 


— 


Minority access to research careers 


4,515 


- 


- 


- 


- 


528 


3,987 


— 


— 


— 


- 


Intramural research 


559 


— 


— 


- 


- 


— 


- 


— 


559 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


8,058 


— 


— 


— 


- 


- 


— 


— 


— 


8,058 


■ - 


Program management 


1,671 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1,671 


NHLBI 


549,662 


288,841 


63,604 


21,685 


69,340 


4,496 


26,964 


- 


42,457 


26,179 


6,096 


Heart & vascular diseases 


319,280 


189,884 


32,044 


15,049 


61,295 


2,848 


18,160 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Lung diseases 


79,033 


50,078 


14,905 


4,807 


3,388 


583 


5,272 


- 


- 


— 


- 


Blood diseases & resources 


76,617 


48,879 


16,655 


1,829 


4,657 


1,065 


3,532 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Intramural research 


42,457 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


42,457 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


26,179 


- 


— 


— 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


26,179 


— 


Program management 


6,096 


- 


— 


— 


- 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


6,096 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 8 (Cont.) 
NIH OBLIGATIONS BY l/RD, PROGRAM ACTIVITY, AND FUNCTION/MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Grants and contracts 


Direct activities 


l/RD and program activity 


R&D grants 


R&D 


Research 


training 


Disease 


Research 


Other^ 


Program 
mgt 
(ODs) 






Projects 


Centers 


Other 


contracts 


Indiv. 


Insl'l 


control 




direct * 


NINCDS 


$252,182 


$148,293 


$22,171 


S 9,148 


$13,376 


$4,269 


$4,939 


$- 


$35,663 


$12,157 


$2,166 


Communicative disorders 


40.299 


29.446 


4.841 


2.540 


1.670 


884 


918 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Neurological disorders 


77,498 


58.808 


8.554 


3.617 


3.730 


1,183 


1.606 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Strol<e & nervous system trauma 


42.357 


29.632 


8.776 


1.692 


1.510 


356 


391 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Fundamental neurosciences 


38.206 


30.407 


— 


1.299 


2,630 


1.846 


2.024 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Intramural research 


39.499 


— 


_ 


— 


3,836 


— 


— 


— 


35.663 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


12.157 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


12.157 


— 


Program management 


2.166 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2,166 


DRR 


175,551 


— 


98,726 


68,028 


2,704 


19 


588 


— 


— 


4,061 


1,425 


Clinical research 


60.148 


— 


59.858 


250 


40 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Biotechnology research 


18.908 


— 


15.868 


1,039 


2,001 


_ 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Lab. animal sciences & primate 
























research 


25.006 


— 


23.000 


836 


563 


19 


588 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Biomedical research support 


47.146 


— 


— 


47.146 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Minority biomedical support 


18.857 


— 


— 


18,757 


too 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


4.061 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


4.061 


— 


Program management 


1.425 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1.425 


FIC 


9,108 


— 


1,800 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


7,051 


257 


Gorges IVIemorial Institute 


1.800 


— 


1,800 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Direct operations 


7.051 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


7,051 


— 


Program management 


257 


~ 


~ 


. ~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


~ 


257 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 9 

NIH HEALTH RESEARCH SUPPORT BY SATT CATEGORY AND l/RD, FISCAL YEAR 1981' 

(Millions of Dollars) 



SATT category 


Total 


NIA 


NIAID 


NIADDK 


NCI 


NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 


NLM, OD, 
B&F 


Total 


$3,572.5 


S75.6 S232.0 


$369.3 


$989.3 $220.4 $71.1 


$92.9 


$117.7 $333.5 $549.7 


$252.2 


$175.6 $9.1 


$84.2 


Science base 


2,807.4 


69.6 


200.6 


328.5 


640.2 


193.2 


65.3 


72.1 


98.8 


274.2 


427.6 


228.6 


163.0 


7.4 


38.3 


Research project grants 


1 ,673.0 


42.6 


140.3 


236.4 


307.9 


124.3 


31.0 


32.9 


78.6 


249.7 


283.1 


146.2 


- 


- 


- 


Center grants 


298.9 


0.2 


3.6 


17.0 


57.0 


21.6 


9.2 


9.3 


3.6 


12.3 


49.7 


20.5 


93.4 


1.5 


- 


Other grants & contracts ' 


465.2 


14.3 


20.4 


29.0 


153.1 


23.3 


11.4 


5.8 


6.5 


11.6 


52.4 


28.7 


69.6 


5.9 


33.0 


Intramural research 


370.4 


12.5 


36.2 


46.2 


122.1 


24.0 


13.6 


24.2 


10.2 


0.6 


42.5 


33.1 


- 


- 


5.3 


Applications' 


431.7 


2.3 


21.6 


15.9 


246.4 


16.3 


0.8 


11.6 


14.5 


4.6 


62.0 


12.5 


10.4 


0.9 


11.8 


Technology transfer' 


149.2 


0.9 


0.5 


4.3 


76.5 


1.0 


0.1 


2.2 


0.2 


- 


26.5 


1.5 


1.5 


0.8 


33.2 


Research training' 


184.2 


2.8 


9.2 


20.5 


26.2 


9.8 


5.0 


7.0 


4.1 


54.7 


33.6 


9.7 


0.6 


- 


0.9 



SATT = Science base. Applications, technology Transfer, research Training — categories for research program analysis. Data represent obligations. 'Includes 
NIH management costs. 



Table 10 
MORTALITY FROM SELECTED CAUSES, UNITED STATES, 1968 AND 1978 





ICDAcode* 


1968 


1978 


Cause of death 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 


Percent of 


Rank 


Number 


Rate per 


Percent of 










100,000 pop. 


all deaths 






100,000 pop. 


all deaths 


Total 






1,930,082 


967.9 


lOO-OiMi 




1,927,788 


883.4 


100.0% 


Diseases of tfie circulatory system 


390-458 


1 


1,040,292 


521.7 


53.9 


1 


982,122 


450.0 


50.9 


Diseases of the heart 


390-398,402,404,41 0-429 




744,295 


373.3 


38.6 




729,510 


334.3 


37.8 


Cerebrovascular disease 


430-438 




211,390 


106.0 


11.0 




175,629 


80.5 


9.1 


Arteriosclerosis 


440 




33,568 


16.8 


1.7 




28,940 


13.3 


1.5 


Hypertension 


400-401,403 




9,063 


4.5 


0.5 




5,490 


2.5 


0.3 


Malignant neoplasms 


140-209 


2 


323,495 


162.2 


16.8 


2 


396,992 


181.9 


20.6 


Digestive organs and peritoneum 


150-159 




93,563 


46.9 


4.8 




105,427 


48.3 


5.5 


Respiratory system 


160-163 




63,485 


31.8 


3.3 




99,898 


45.8 


5.2 


Genital organs 


180-187 




40,936 


20.5 


2.1 




45,131 


20.7 


2.3 


Breast 


174 




29,081 


14.6 


1.5 




34,609 


15.9 


1.8 


Accidents, poisoning, and violence 


E800-E999 


3 


155,237 


77.9 


8.0 


3 


157,450 


72.1 


8.1 


Diseases of the respiratory system 


460-519 


4 


123,440 


55.9 


64 


4 


122,057 


55.9 


6.3 


Influenza and pneumonia 


470474,480-486 




73,492 


36.9 


3.8 




58,319 


26.7 


3.0 


Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma 


490493 




33,078 


16.6 


1.7 




21,875 


10.0 


1.1 


Diseases of the digestive system 


520-577 


5 


73,718 


37.0 


3.8 


5 


67,729 


31.0 


3.5 


Cirrhosis of the liver 


571 




29,183 


14.6 


1.5 




30,066 


13.8 


1.6 


Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 


240-279 


6 


46,354 


23.2 


2.4 


6 


42,493 


19.5 


2.2 


Diabetes mellitus 


250 




38,352 


19.2 


2.0 




33,841 


15.5 


1.8 


Diseases of the genitourinary system 


580-629 


8 


29,787 


14.9 


1.5 


7 


26,670 


12.2 


1.4 


Certain causes of mortality in early infancy 


760-769.2,769.4-772,774-778 


7 


43,840 


22.0 


2.3 


8 


22,033 


10.1 


1.1 


Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs 320-389 


11 


16,439 


8.2 


0.9 


9 


18,113 


8.3 


0.9 


Infective and parasitic diseases 


000-136 


9 


17,776 


8.9 


0.9 


10 


18,042 


8.3 


0.9 


Congenital anomalies 


740-759 


10 


16,793 


8.4 


0.9 


11 


12,968 


5.9 


0.7 


All other diseases 


Residual 




42,911 


21.5 


2.2 




61,119 


28.0 


3.2 



Based on Eight Revision International Classification of Diseases, Adapted tor Use in the United States. Data for 1979, based on the Ninth Revision, will be available in late Fall, 1982. 

Source: Based on data from NCHS, HHS (301) 436-8884. 



Table 11 

MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED CHRONIC CONDITIONS, UNITED STATES, 1980* 

(In Thousands) 



Condition 




Prevalence 


Chronic sinusitis 




31,596 


Arthritis'"' 




27,773 


Hypertension' 




24,919 


Orthopedic impairment (except paralysis) or absence of arm 


or leg 


19,794 


Hay fever (without asthma) 




17,433 


Hearing impairments 




17,370 


Heart conditions 




16,434 


Digestive conditions* 




14,327 


Hemorrhoids 




8,616 


Eczema, dermatitis, urticaria 




8,456 


Chronic bronchitis 




7,869 


Asthma (with or without hay fever) 




6,803 


Corns, callosities, bunion 
Varicose veins^ 




6,157 




5,930 


Diabetes 




5,665 


Migraine 




5,630 


Diseases of the urinary system 




5,444 


Synovitis, bursitis, tenosynovitis 
Acne^ 




5,317 




5,046 


Diseases of nail 




4,409 



Condition 


Prevalence 


Hernia of abdominal cavity 


3,888 


Ulcer of stomach and duodenum 


3,615 


Thyroid conditions 


3,046 


Enlarged tonsils and adenoids 


2,955 


Slipped disc 


2,950 


Anemia 


2,605 


Emphysema 


2,476 


Female disorders (except breast) 


2,472 


Speech defects 


2,317 


Cerebrovascular diseases 


2,101 


Gout 


1,801 


Psoriasis and similar disorders 


1,636 


Diseases of prostate 


1,386 


Paralysis, complete or partial 


1.254 


Gallbladder condition 


1,217 


Osteomyelitis and other bone diseases 


1,082 


Poor circulation'"' 


1,068 


Neuralgia and neuritis 


1,020 


Severe visual impairment 


896 


Congenital anomalies of circulatory system 


649 



National estimate based on household interviews of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Excludes cancer and mental illness. Not elsewhere classified. 
'^Frequent constipation, functional and symptomatic upper gastro-intestinal disorders, gastritis and duodenitis, diverticula of intestines, enteritis and colitis, 
and intestinal conditions only. 

Source: Derived from unpublished data from NCHS, NHS (301) 436-7089. 



Table 12 
MORBIDITY FROM SELECTED ACUTE CONDITIONS, UNITED STATES, 1980* 









Days per 100 


persons per year 




Condition 


Incidence 
(thousands) 


Restricted 
activity 


Bed 
disability 


Work loss^' 


School loss* 


Total 


484,159 


986.9 


426.6 


347.7 


487.2 


Respiratory conditions 


253,175 


432.3 


221.9 


151.5 


284.8 


Upper respiratory 


124,218 


160.3 


67.0 


44.6 


107.6 


Influenza 


113,799 


215.7 


124.6 


87.6 


157.4 


Bronchitis 


7,806 


19.3 


10.9 


7.3 


9-7« 


Pneumonia 


2,454 


19.8 


11.9 


9-2, 


4.8| 


Other 


4,899 


17.2 


7.5 


2.8§ 


5.4§ 


Infective and parasitic diseases 


53,580 


94.4 


50.9 


25.2 


93.3 


Digestive system conditions 


24,877 


45.5 


21.7 


18.5 


22.3, 


Dental conditions 


6,991 


11.2 


4.7 


6.1 


2.9s 


Diseases of the ear 


20,426 


31.3 


12.4 


5.5 


12.7 


Genitourinary disorders 


13,200 


30.7 


14.8 


8.2 


7.7§ 


Diseases of the musculoskeletal system 


7,769 


34.9 


9.3 


11.7 


0.9§ 


Diseases of the skin 


4,322 


6.4 


1.3§ 


1.6S 


3.9* 


Deliveries and disorders of pregnancy and the puerperium 


5,111 


34.5 


14.3 


6.7 


4.55 


Headaches 


4,243 


4.7 


1.7« 


1.1§ 


3.9§ 


Injuries 


72,715 


220.6 


59.1 


105.6 


40.1 


All other acute conditions 


24,741 


51.7 


19.3 


9.8 


10.9 



National estimate based on household interviews of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. "Acute" condition is defined as one that lasted less than 
3 months and involved medical attention or restricted activity, tper 100 currently employed persons. ^^Children 6-16 years of age. §Figure does not meet 
standards of reliability or precision. 

Source: Derived from published and unpublished data from NCHS, HHS (301) 436-7089. 



Table 13 

NIH AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

Excluding Progams That Have Been Transferred Out 

(Dollars in Millions) 





Total* 
amount 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




Rscal 


Research and development 


Research training 


Construct 
grants 


on 


NLM 


year 


Grants^ 


Contracts* 


Total 
amount 


Individual awards 


Institutional 


grants 






Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1971 


$1,005.4 


12,126 


S 699.7 


1,167 $143.0 


$152.9 


2,718 S23.8 


2,111 


$129.1 


- 


S - 


$ 9.7 


1972 


1,253.6 


12,568 


825.5 


1,381 215.6 


157.6 


2,264 21.5 


2,024 


136.1 


17 


44.1 


10.8 


1973 


1,241.2 


12,310 


837.5 


1,522 243.9 


115.3 


1,233 12.2 


1,696 


103.1 


20 


33.5 


11.1 


1974 


1,680.5 


14,311 


1,093.5 


1 ,882 349.9 


186.5 


2,267 30.6 


2,922 


155.9 


9 


31.7 


13.0 


1975 


1,735.3 


14,480 


1,141.3 


2,074 390.9 


156.8 


2,056 27.8 


1,739 


129.0 


12 


30.0 


11.6 


1976 


1,830.5 


15,230 


1,263.6 


1,976 404.1 


122.0 


1,652 23.2 


1,339 


98.8 


14 


20.0 


10.3 


1977 


2,015.1 


15,426 


1,417.2 


2,161 419.7 


130.4 


1,975 27.3 


1,200 


103,1 


10 


16.0 


15.4 


1978 


2,252.1 


16,623 


1,618.0 


2,026 443.0 


147.2 


2,070 29.7 


1,321 


117,4 


14 


12.0 


14.3 


1979 


2,590.4 


19,039 


1,928.6 


1.836 465.1 


148.0 


2,208 31.8 


1,256 


116.1 


10 


12.5 


17.0 


1980 


2,788.6 


19,865 


2.132.7 


1,556 422.9 


181.1 


1,973 38.9 


1,505 


142.2 


10 


10.8 


17.3 


1981 


2,883.7 


20,229 


2,302.8 


1,287 359.6 


180.4 


1,752 35.5 


1,359 


144.9 


6 


2.0 


15.1 



Shown in totals only are cancer control grants, which began 1974{S22.6 million in 1981), and cooperative agreements, which began in 1980 (Si million in 1981). for NCI and NIEHS. 
'Includes GRS programs, plus NiMH portion through 1974. ^Includes cancer control contracts (S22 million est. in 1981). 



Table 14 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

(Millions of Dollars) 





Total 


NIA* 


NIAID 


NIADDK 


NCI 


Rscal 
yaar 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


Constr. 
grants 


Control 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


grants 


1971 


$1,005.4 


$ - 


$ - 


$ - 


$ 54.2 


$ 8.4 


$9.7 


$ 85.3 


$ 5.1 


$17.3 


$ 90.4 


$ 70.8 


$12.6 


$ - 


$ - 


1972 


1,253.8 


- 


- 


- 


60.9 


8.8 


9.8 


97.3 


6.5 


17.1 


122.6 


111.8 


18.5 


44.1 


- 


1973 


1,241.2 


- 


- 


- 


61.3 


8.5 


6.7 


95.4 


6.8 


12.9 


159.0 


132.8 


14.0 


33.5 


- 


1974 


1,680.5 


- 


- 


- 


69.4 


11.7 


9.2 


117.8 


7.3 


19.0 


215.6 


198.4 


23.6 


31.7 


5.9 


1975 


1,735.3 


- 


- 


- 


69.6 


11.1 


8.3 


122.1 


6.5 


13.6 


269.4 


249.8 


23.1 


30.0 


4.7 


1976 


1,830.5 


10.0 


0.8 


1.8 


75.4 


10.2 


7.8 


132.2 


6.5 


2.0 


311.6 


262.8 


18.2 


20.0 


10.5 


1977 


2,015.1 


17.5 


1.6 


2.2 


82.1 


15.9 


6.6 


158.2 


11.4 


9.8 


340.8 


261.0 


19.8 


16.0 


16.5 


1978 


2,252.1 


21.8 


1.8 


2.4 


94.9 


17.8 


8.1 


187.0 


13.7 


14.9 


377.5 


263.9 


20.0 


12.0 


17.6 


1979 


2,590.4 


37.0 


2.6 


2.4 


122.0 


16.6 


7.9 


222.8 


15.3 


14.9 


420.2 


265.1 


20.0 


12.3 


19.3 


1980 


2,788.6^ 


42.4 


4.3 


2.8 


140.6 


17.4 


9.5 


252.1 


11.4 


21.7 


462.9 


1 246.5 


27.8 


10.8 


22.9 


1981 


2,883.7^ 


46.1 


4.9 


2.6 


158.1 


12.2 


8.7 


281.4 


7.3 


19.8 


493.4 


209.4 


26.3 


2.0 


22.6 



* Founded In 1974, but funded with NICHD until 1976. ^CC, DCRT. DRG, DRS, and OD. ^Cooperative agreements are shown In total only. 



Table 14 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

(Millions of Dollars) 





NICHD 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


year 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


training 


1971 


$ 49.7 


$15.1 


$10.9 


$16.8 


$2.1 


$6.0 


$ 9.6 


$0.2 


$3.2 


$20.0 


$0.8 


$3.9 


$ 86.6 


$2.4 


$53.1 


1972 


63.5 


19.6 


10.9 


21.3 


5.3 


5.9 


12.3 


1.0 


3.2 


23.7 


2.2 


4.3 


101.4 


2.7 


50.5 


1973 


63.6 


17.9 


7.4 


21.7 


4.4 


3.5 


12.8 


1.1 


2.0 


22.9 


2.1 


3.1 


100.8 


2.9 


36.9 


1974 


83.1 


20.5 


14.8 


24.8 


3.2 


8.9 


16.1 


1.4 


4.6 


29.7 


2.1 


5.8 


113.3 


2.1 


59.7 


1975 


86.2 


19.1 


11.7 


25.3 


4.5 


5.5 


18.4 


2.6 


3.3 


29.9 


2.4 


4.2 


127.9 


1.5 


52.6 


1976 


85.9 


18.3 


9.5 


27.0 


3.7 


5.1 


20.4 


3.3 


1.7 


35.3 


2.2 


4.6 


137.2 


1.2 


40.8 


1977 


91.7 


20.1 


9.4 


30.0 


4.3 


3.3 


27.3 


3.9 


4.2 


45.8 


3.5 


4.6 


152.1 


0.5 


43.8 


1978 


106.7 


20.0 


10.2 


34.7 


3.9 


3.3 


32.8 


3.7 


4.5 


64.6 


4.7 


4.6 


173.8 


0.6 


46.8 


1979 


134.2 


21.0 


9.8 


37.9 


3.6 


3.3 


39.4 


7.5 


4.5 


81.8 


5.4 


4.6 


220.5 


0.5 


46.9 


1980 


138.5 


22.9 


10.8 


38.8 


3.2 


3.9 


400 


8.4 


6.5 


85.3 


5.0 


4.5 


253.3 


0.9 


47.9 


1981 


155.0 


16.7 


9.1 


41.5 


2.4 


4.4 


43.7 


7.4 


6.5 


93.0 


3.8 


3.9 


268.2 


0.8 


53.4 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 14 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

(Millions of Dollars) 





NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


FIC 


Othert 


NLM 


Fiscal 
year 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 


Research 
training 


R&D 
contracts 


Research 
training 


R&D 
contracts 


All 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


Grants 


Contracts 


awards 


1971 


$114.6 


$27.7 


$19.7 


$ 55.7 


$ 7.0 


$14.9 


$116.8 


$1.4 


$0.5 


$ - 


$1.2 


$ 2.2 


$ 9.7 


1972 


131.5 


41.4 


19.9 


65.6 


8.8 


15.2 


125.4 


2.6 


0.5 


- 


1.9 


4.9 


10.8 


1973 


141.7 


55.4 


15.1 


64.1 


8.3 


12.3 


94.1 


2.7 


0.3 


- 


1.0 


0.9 


11.1 


1974 


179.0 


85.0 


19.4 


85.7 


10.7 


18.7 


159.0 


3.7 


0.6 


- 


2.2 


4.0 


13.0 


1975 


182.1 


74.8 


19.9 


89.6 


10.2 


12.0 


120.9 


4.3 


0.4 


- 


2.1 


4.1 


11.6 


1976 


241.1 


76.1 


20.4 


90.3 


11.0 


7.7 


124.2 


5.2 


0.3 


— 


2.1 


2.7 


10.3 


1977 


240.5 


74.8 


17.0 


99.1 


13.2 


6.3 


132.1 


4.4 


0.5 


0.3 


2.9 


4.6 


15.4 


1978 


274.3 


82.7 


21.2 


111.1 


17.9 


7.3 


138.6 


5.2 


0.5 


0.1 


3.4 


7.1 


14.3 


1979 


324.6 


91.3 


21.2 


139.0 


21.5 


7.6 


149.3 


5.4 


0.5 


- 


4.4 


9.4 


17.0 


1980 


345.2 


75.5 


31.8 


167.7 


15.1 


8.9 


165.9 


4.6 


0.7 


- 


4.3 


7.5 


17.3 


1981 


371.2 


67.8 


31.4 


178.4 


12.7 


9.2 


172.8 


4.4 


0.6 


- 


4.6 


10.0 


15.1 



) footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 15 

NLM AWARDS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 
amount 


Resource 


grants 


Medical library 
research grants 


Training 


Contracts 


Rscal 
year 


Total 
amount 


Individual awards 


Institutional grants 




Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


1971 


S 9,706 


471 


$2,464 


37 S 867 


SI ,005 


4 


$ 57 


10 


S 948 


53 


S 5.370 


1972 


10,826 


379 


2.712 


46 950 


1,268 


7 


132 


11 


1.136 


68 


5.895 


1973 


11.109 


166 


2.669 


47 996 


796 


7 


135 


9 


661 


73 


6,647 


1974 


13,046 


127 


2.632 


50 1 ,420 


902 


1 


14 


10 


888 


79 


8,092 


1975 


11,609 


38 


1.469 


60 2,049 


891 


- 


2* 


9 


889 


84 


7,200 


1976 


10,284 


37 


688 


56 1,761 


1,056 


- 


- 


11 


1,056 


60 


6,779 


1977 


15,375 


66 


1,772 


62 2.026 


1,208 


- 


- 


10 


1.208 


76 


10,370 


1978 


14.334 


52 


2,013 


66 2,406 


1,360 


- 


- 


9 


1.360 


73 


8,554 


1979 


17,006 


79 


2,008 


68 3,719 


1.352 


- 


- 


9 


1.352 


60 


9,927 


1980 


17.311 


74 


1,596 


76 4,643 


1.638 


- 


- 


10 


1.638 


66 


9,435 


1981 


15.147 


55 


1,641 


74 4,904 


1.308 


- 


- 


10 


1.308 


53 


7,294 



Supply allowance for a previous year's award. 



Table 16 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 
amount 


Research and development 


Research training 


NIH 


Grants 


Contracts 


Individual 
awards 


Instit 
9< 


jtional 




Total 


Projects 


Centers 


Other 


ants 




Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


$2,883,673*'^ 


20,229 


$2,302,843 


16,908 


31,767,142 


520 


$339,425 


2,801 


$196,276 


1,287 


$359,634 


1,752 


S35,497 


1,359 


S144,915 


NIA 


53.629 


486 


46.134 


410 


41.880 


1 


228 


75 


4,026 


16 


4,897 


31 


650 


27 


1,948 


NIAID 


179.010 


1.649 


158.109 


1.524 


150,417 


23 


3,976 


102 


3,717 


76 


12,156 


105 


2,048 


72 


6,698 


NIADDK 


308.595 


2,839 


281.436 


2,515 


249.181 


42 


20,681 


282 


1 1 ,574 


41 


7,349 


180 


3,639 


246 


16,170 


NCI 


754,260' 


3,564 


493,358 


2,824 


354.854 


69 


71,627 


671 


66,878 


644 


209,410 


205 


4,031 


175 


22,224 


NICHD 


180.785 


1,418 


155,037 


1,278 


129,110 


43 


22,349 


97 


3,578 


115 


16,664 


64 


1.268 


89 


7,817 


NIDR 


48.246 


417 


41,513 


375 


31,250 


8 


9,178 


34 


1,085 


20 


2,378 


68 


1.330 


38 


3,025 


NIEHS 


58,024' 


343 


43.678 


306 


33,285 


14 


9,603 


23 


789 


36 


7,441 


32 


614 


46 


5,891 


NEI 


100.772 


1.068 


93.041 


955 


85,040 


31 


4,228 


82 


3,773 


28 


3,799 


74 


1.421 


35 


2,511 


NIGMS 


322.293 


2,901 


268,168 


2,829 


253,525 


22 


12,847 


50 


1,795 


2 


775 


370 


7,186 


300 


46,164 


NHLBI 


470.340 


2,774 


371.205 


2.396 


290,395 


62 


63,604 


316 


17,206 


204 


67,772 


223 


4,423 


254 


26,940 


NINCDS 


200.239 


1.720 


178.370 


1.496 


148,205 


33 


22,171 


191 


7.994 


70 


12,662 


222 


4,268 


68 


4,939 


DRR 


177.771 


1.050 


172.794 


- 


- 


172 


98,934 


878 


73.861 


13 


4,369 


1 


19 


9 


588 


FIC 


4.601 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


177 


4,601 


- 


- 


Other* 


9.962 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


22 


9,962 


- 


- 


- 


- 



NLM is shown in total only. 'NCI construction and control grants and NCI and NIEHS cooperative agreements are shown in totals only. ''"CC, DCRT, DRG, DRS, AND OD. 



Table 17 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




State 


Research and development 


Research training 


Cancer 

construction 

grants 


NLM 


Grants 


Contracts 


Total 


Indiv. 
awards 


(nsfl 
grants 


awards 




Total 


Projects 


Centers 


Other 




Total 


$2,883,673* + 


$2,302,843 


$1,767,142 


$339,425 


$196,276 


$359,634 


$180,413 


$35,497 


$144,915 


$2,027 


$15,147 


U.S. total 


2,859,733* + 


2,289,658 


1,754,809 


339.425 


195.423 


350.407 


179,285 


34,370 


144.915 


2.027 


15.147 


Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 


43,226* 

346 
17,694 
1,761 
407,720* 


33,273 

346 

15,374 

1.677 

328,128 


18,760 

246 

12,507 

1,290 

265,948 


8,538 
1,711 
40,818 


5,975 

100 

1,156 

388 

21,362 


7,473 
1,567 
45,302 


2,146 

692 

43 

28,114 


258 

182 

43 

6,420 


1.888 

510 

21,695 


33 
375 


105 

29 

41 
2,347 


Colorado 
Connecticut 
Delaware 
Dist. of Col. 
Florida 


36,011* 
79,143 
1,551 
32,410* 
42,181* 


32,101 
67,601 
1,470 
20,783 
34.336 


25,866 
59,623 
912 
12,895 
27,332 


3,874 
4.992 

2,861 
2,872 


2,362 
2,987 
557 
5.027 
4.133 


353 

3,733 

76 

9,450 

5,563 


3,305 

7,350 

6 

941 

1,767 


676 

1,391 

6 

110 

136 


2,629 
5,958 

831 
1,631 


- 


107 

732 
128 


Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 


29,892 

9,693 

582 

103,818 

28,060* 


26.015 
6.028 
475 
84.792 
24,745 


16,911 
4.419 
366 
66.458 
20.299 


5.042 
548 

12,196 
2.596 


4,062 
1.061 
109 
6.139 
1,849 


2.420 
3.555 
79 
8,534 
1,450 


1,445 
111 

8,037 
1.766 


198 
33 

969 
226 


1,247 
78 

7,068 
1,538 


318 


12 

29 

718 
41 



Cancer control grants are shown in totals only. ^NCI and NIEHS cooperative agreements are shown in totals only. ^Awards to U.S. citizens as well as to foreign nationals. 

{Continued) 



Table 17 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 






Research and development 


Research training 


Cancer 
construction 


NLM 


state 




Grants 










Indiv. 
awards 


Inst'l 
grants 


awards 














Contracts 


Total 


grants 






Total 


Projects 


Centers 


Other 




Iowa 


$ 28,355* 


$ 23,046 


$ 16.900 


$ 3,805 


$ 2.341 


$ 3,158 


$ 1,988 


$ 263 


$ 1.725 


$ - 


$ 66 


Kansas 


12.211* 


10,574 


8.475 


720 


1.380 


858 


591 


93 


498 


— 


11 


Kentucky 


8,054* 


6,704 


5.593 


— 


1,111 


637 


142 


54 


88 


— 


18 


Louisiana 


21,105 


18,290 


10.870 


4.884 


2,537 


1,851 


851 


109 


742 


— 


112 


Maine 


5,704 


5,222 


4.788 


231 


204 


46 


239 


61 


178 


— 


196 


Maryland 


173,213* 


73.105 


55,927 


11.418 


5,760 


88,919 


7,924 


2,752 


5.172 


_ 


2,659 


Massachusetts 


291,229* 


238,657 


194.788 


29.927 


13,941 


28,325 


20,395 


4.856 


15.539 


— 


1,808 


Michigan 


75,082* 


60,379 


47,640 


8.227 


4,512 


8,795 


4,634 


654 


3.980 


— 


559 


Minnesota 


70,188 


56,931 


42,157 


6.087 


8,687 


7,912 


4,585 


902 


3.683 


— 


217 


Mississippi 


7,363 


6,857 


5,051 


— 


1,806 


8 


497 


82 


416 


— 


— 


Missouri 


69,657 


55.652 


38,968 


11.945 


4,739 


8,053 


5,818 


680 


5.138 


_ 


134 


Montana 


1,061 


936 


737 


— 


199 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


125 


Nebraska 


6,850 


5,974 


5,136 


102 


736 


194 


191 


92 


99 


— 


490 


Nevada 


562 


562 


528 


— 


34 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


New Hampshire 


8,406 


7,333 


5,477 


1.048 


808 


147 


356 


85 


271 


— 


28 


Now Jersey 


25,154 


18,857 


16,933 


889 


1,035 


4,621 


1,431 


258 


1.173 


_ 


246 


New Mexico 


11,887 


10,519 


7,308 


973 


2,238 


1,004 


325 


18 


306 


— 


40 


New York 


393,485 


347,744 


269,151 


53.309 


25,284 


18,109 


23,264 


3.730 


19.534 


743 


476 


North Carolina 


89,155* 


70,100 


51,494 


13.177 


5,429 


9,494 


8,503 


1.454 


7.049 


~ 


562 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 17 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY STATE AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




state 


Research and development 


Research training 


Cancer 

construction 

grants 


NLM 


Grants 


Contracts 


Total 


Indiv. 
awards 


Inst'l 
grants 


awards 




Total 


Projects 


Centers 


Other 




North Dakota 


$ 686 


$ 682 


S 639 


$ — 


$ 43 


$ - 


$ - 


$ — 


$ - 


$ - 


$ 4 


Otiio 


79,624* 


61,776 


46,445 


10,384 


4,947 


13,074 


3,479 


410 


3,068 


— 


347 


Oklahoma 


7,467 


6,728 


5,684 


— 


1,044 


375 


364 


70 


294 


— 


— 


Oregon 


26,508* 


23,044 


15,287 


6,150 


1,607 


1,516 


1,576 


510 


1,066 


— 


4 


Pennsylvania 


173,908*' 


146,547 


111,798 


24,415 


10,334 


14,790 


8,897 


1,413 


7,484 


- 


882 


Rhode Island 


12,314* 


10,602 


7,812 


1,221 


1,569 


884 


534 


123 


411 


_ 


_ 


South Carolina 


12,149 


9,755 


6,940 


1,339 


1,476 


1,742 


624 


135 


489 


— 


28 


South Dakota 


2,572 


437 


346 


__ 


91 


2,112 


— 


— 


— 


— 


23 


Tennessee 


47,048* 


41,903 


24,772 


11,448 


5,682 


975 


3,842 


567 


3,275 


— 


38 


Texas 


134,934* 


115,369 


85,411 


17,761 


12,198 


12,198 


6,495 


1,151 


5,344 


— 


384 


Utah 


26,218 


21,297 


18,457 


1,075 


1,766 


3,819 


1,029 


174 


855 


— 


73 


Vermont 


9,492* 


8,745 


5,001 


3,090 


654 


366 


280 


142 


137 


— 


— 


Virginia 


49,877 


29,838 


22,662 


3,393 


3,783 


15,798 


3,686 


683 


3,002 


— 


556 


Washington 


77,896* 


62,338 


43,481 


15,046 


3,812 


7,014 


6,188 


1,369 


4,819 


559 


332 


West Virginia 


2,566 


2,066 


1,674 


- 


392 


300 


182 


— 


182 


- 


19 


Wisconsin 


58,955* 


50,199 


35,958 


10,473 


3,768 


3,337 


4,255 


673 


3,581 


— 


388 


Wyoming 


595 


560 


461 


— 


99 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


34 


Puerto Rico 


4,111 


3,185 


232 


841 


2,112 


524 


402 


158 


243 


— 


— 


Foreign* 


23,940+ 


13,186 


12,333 


— 


853 


9,227 


1,128 


1,128 


— 


~ 


~ 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 18 

NIH AWARDS BY KIND OF PERFORMING INSTITUTION, FISCAL YEARS 1972-1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 



PerfOTTning 


1972 


1974 


1976 


1978 


1980 


1981 


institution 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Total 


$1,253,650 


100.0'M: 


$1,680,500 


100.0% 


$1,830,492 


100.0% 


$2,252,138 


100.0% 


$2,788,598 


100.0% 


$2,883,673 


100.0% 


Domestic 


1 ,244,765 


99.3 


1,658,350 


99.3 


1,815,363 


99.2 


2,229,361 


99.0 


2,763.077 


99.1 


2,859,733 


99.2 


Nonprofit 


1,176,930 


93.9 


1,564,123 


93.1 


1,677.476 


91.6 


2,094.855 


93.0 


2.602.510 


93.3 


2,715,018 


94.2 


Higher education*^ 

Medical schools*^ 


941,421 


75.1 

t 


1,222,930 

853,619 


72.8 

50.8 


1,312,441 
893.216 


71.1 
48.8 


1,648,829 

1.151,616 


73.2 

51.1 


2,061.288 

1.429,156 


73.9 

51,2 


2,161,998 

1 ,506,542 


75.0 

52.2 


Government 


32,661 


2.6 


53,302 


3.2 


39,681 


2.2 


46,386 


2.1 


51.795 


1.9 


51,829 


1.8 


Federal 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


4.636 

2,546 

1,265 

822 


0.4 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 


5,051 
1,707 
1,931 
1,412 


0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


4,799 
1,208 
1,523 
2,067 


0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


4.903 
1.741 
1,093 
2.069 


0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
0.1 


6.115 
3.981 
1,113 
1,022 


0.2 

0.1 

§ 

§ 


3,993 

2,440 

779 

774 


0.1 
0-1 

§ 
§ 


State and local 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


28,025 
2,082 

20,580 
5,362 


2.2 
0.2 
1.6 
0.4 


48,251 
2,011 
35,113 
11,127 


2.9 
0.1 
2.1 
0.7 


34,882 
2,145 
22,275 
10,463 


1.9 
0.1 
1.2 
.06 


41,483 
1,976 
23.968 
15,539 


1.8 
0.1 
1.1 
0.7 


45.679 
3.330 
28.385 
13,964 


1.6 
0.1 
1.0 
0.5 


47,835 
1,447 
30,032 
16,357 


1.7 
0.1 
1.0 
0.6 


Other nonprofit 
Research institutes 
Hospitalsil 
Other 


202,849 
96,717 
81,758 
24,374 


16.2 
7.7 
6.5 
1.9 


287,890 
140,292 
116,702 
30,896 


17.1 
8.3 
6.9 
1.8 


325,354 
168,465 
120,182 
36,707 


17.8 
9.2 
6.6 
2.0 


399,640 
206.799 
140.466 
52,375 


17.7 
9.2 
6.2 
2.3 


489,429 
269,307 
165,242 
54,880 


17.6 
9.7 
5.9 
2.0 


501,192 
275,582 
170,998 
54,612 


17.4 
9.6 
5.9 
1.9 


Profit 
Research institutes 
Other 


67,835 
41,604 
26,231 


5.4 
3.3 
2.1 


104,227 
63,631 
40,596 


6.2 
3.8 
2.4 


137,886 
94,950 
42,936 


7.5 
5.2 
2.3 


134,506 
89,566 
44,940 


6.0 
4.0 
2.0 


160,567 
91,850 
68,717 


5.8 
3.3 
2.5 


144,715 
86,387 
58,328 


5.0 
3.0 
2.0 


Foreign * 


8,884 


0.7 


12,150 


0.7 


15,129 


0,8 


22,778 


1.0 


25,521 


0.9 


23,940 


0.8 



Includes all hospitals owned by these institutions. ' Includes basic health-science departments administered by schools of medicine and medicine/dentistry. 'Not available. ^Less 
than 0.05 percent. Ulndependent hospitals not owned by institutions classified as Higher Education, Government, or Research Institutes. ^Awards to U.S. citizens as well as to 
foreign nationals. 



Table 19 
NIH AWARDS BY KIND OF PERFORMING INSTITUTION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 


Institutes and Research Divisions 




Research and development 


Perfprming 


Grants 




Total 


P 


ejects 


Centers 


Other 




No. of 
inst* 


Amount 


Percent 


No. of 
inst.* 


Amount 


Percent 


Numtjer 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


1.212 


S2,883,673' 


100.0% 


845 


$2,302,843 


100.0% 


16,908 


S1,767.142 


520 


$339,425 


2,801 


$196,276 


Domestic 


1,063 


2.859,733' 


99.2 


741 


2,289.658 


99.4 


16.689 


1.754.809 


520 


339.425 


2.784 


195.423 


Nonprofit 


911 


2.715.018' 


94.2 


741 


2,289.658 


99.4 


16.689 


1.754.809 


520 


339.425 


2.784 


195.423 


Higher education^ 

Medical schools*? 


402 

121 


2,161,998.' 

1.506.542' 


7S.0 
52.2 


390 

121 


1,867,836 
1,295,268 


81.1 

55.7 


14,105 

8.947 


1,436,740 

970.729 


433 

340 


274,185 

226.473 


2,260 

1.425 


156,911 
98.067 


Government 


98 


51,829' 


1.8 


55 


34.335 


1.5 


276 


26.606 


7 


3.443 


58 


4,286 


Federal 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


34 
14 
16 

4 


3,993: 

2,440 : 

779' 

774 


0.1 
0.1 

II 
II 


17 
3 

12 
2 


1.178 
379 
726 
72 


0.1 

II 
II 
II 


16 
4 
12 


979 
379 
600 


2 


2 


6 

4 
2 


199 

127 
72 


State and local 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


64 
5 
28 
31 


47,835'^ 

1.447 
30.032' 
16.357' 


1.7 
0.1 
1.0 
0.6 


38 
5 

16 
17 


33,158 
1.447 

26.150 
5.561 


1.4 
0.1 

1.1 
0.2 


260 
24 

180 
56 


25.627 
1.382 

19.209 
5.036 


7 

6 
1 


3.443 

3.322 

121 


52 
3 

44 
5 


4.088 

65 

3.619 

404 


Other nonprofit 

Research institutes 

Hospitals^ 

Other 


411 
151 
169 
91 


501,192! 
275,582' 
170.998: 
54.612' 


17.4 
9.6 
5.9 
1.9 


296 
132 
113 

51 


387.486 
209.953 
144.838 
32,695 


16.8 
9.1 
6.3 
1.4 


2,308 

1,206 

935 

167 


291.463 
160.065 
112.230 
19.168 


80 
37 
31 
12 


61.797 
37.477 
18.217 
6.103 


466 
167 
222 
77 


34.226 
12.411 
14.391 
7.424 


Profit * * 


152 


144.715 


5.0 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Foreign ' ' 


149 


23,940' 


0.8 


104 


13,186 


0.6 


219 


12.333 


- 


- 


17 


853 



*A mutticampus univei^ity (including rts components) is counted as one; separately organized components of an institution are counted individually. '^Cancer control grants and 
NCI and NIEHS cooperative agreements are included in totals only. ^Includes hospitaJs owned by these institutions. (Footnotes continued on next page.) 



Table 19 (Cont.) 

NIH AWARDS BY PERFORMING INSTITUTION AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Institutes and Research Divisions 


NLM 






Research and develop., (cont.) 


Research training 


Cancer 
constr. grants 


awarels 




Contracts 


Total 


Individual awards 


Institutional grants 




institution 




























No. of 
insl.* 


Number 


Amount 


inst.* 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


No. of 
inst* 


Amount 


No. of 
inst.* 


Amount 


Total 


4S6 


1,287 


$359,634 


302 


$180,413 


1,752 $35,497 


1,359 


$144,915 


6 


$2,027 


149 


$15,147 


Domestic 


426 


1,228 


350,407 


271 


179.285 


1 ,699 34,370 


1,359 


144,915 


6 


2,027 


149 


15.147 


Nonprofit 


299 


929 


209,089 


271 


179,285 


1,699 34,370 


1,359 


144,915 


6 


2,027 


120 


11,750 


Higher education'^ 
Medical schools? 


123 

93 


540 

397 


111,844 
86,169 


182 

100 


160,986 
109.268 


1,406 28,438 
825 16.960 


1,219 

874 


132,548 

92,308 


6 

5 


2,027 

1,653 


S4 

30 


8,364 
5,272 


Government 


25 


36 


13,138 


18 


3,305 


120 2,388 


13 


917 


— 


— 


11 


195 


Federal 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


2 
2 


4 
4 


688 
688 


11 
8 
2 

1 


2,126 

2,060 

52 

14 


108 2,126 

105 2,060 

2 52 

1 14 


- 


^ 


- 




- 


^ 


Stale and local 
Research institutes 
Hospitals 
Other 


23 

8 
15 


32 

13 
19 


12.450 

1,977 
10,473 


7 

5 
2 


1,179 

1,079 
98 


12 262 

9 203 
3 59 


13 

11 
2 


917 

878 
39 


- 


- 


11 

8 
3 


195 

119 
76 


Other nonprofit 

Research institutes 

Hospitals^ 

Other 


151 
56 
55 
30 


353 
174 
103 
76 


84,107 
51,419 
16,311 
16,376 


71 
35 
27 
9 


14,994 
6,833 
6,260 
1,902 


173 3,544 
103 2,085 
57 1,198 
13 261 


127 
45 
59 
23 


11,450 
4,748 
5,062 
1,641 


^ 


3 


55 
5 
30 
20 


3.191 

502 

1,486 

1,203 


Profit** 


127 


299 


141,318 


— 


— 


— — 


— 


— 


— 


— 


29 


3,397 


Foreign 


40 


59 


9,227 


31 


1,128 


53 1,128 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 



^Includes basic heafth-science departments administered by schools of medicine/dentistry. "Less than 0.05 percent. ^Independent hospitals not owned by institutions classified 
as Higher Education. Government, or Research Institutes. * * Includes $86.4 million to research institutes. "^Awards to U.S. citizens as well as to foreign nationals. 



Table 20 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 




Institutes and Research Divisions 




Research and development 






















Major component 












Grants 










Total 


Projects 


Centers 


Other 




Amount 


Percent 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Numtjer 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total — all Institutions* 


$2,883,673^ 


lOO.OW 


20.229 


$2,302,843 


16,908 


$1,767,142 


520 


$339,425 


2,801 


$196,276 


Total — higher education 


2,161,998+ 


75.0 


16,798 


1,867,836 


14,105 


1,436,740 


433 


274,185 


2,260 


156,911 


Health professional components 


1,674,005* 


58.1 


11.980 


1.430,495 


9,951 


1.075.531 


366 


243.773 


1,663 


111,190 


Medical schools* 


1,506,542* 


52.2 


10.712 


1,295,268 


8,947 


970,729 


340 


226,473 


1,425 


98.067 


Public health 


46,899+ 


1.7 


222 


33.755 


183 


29,902 


3 


1,931 


36 


1,922 


Hospitals^ 


27,865+ 


1.0 


106 


23,569 


80 


16,833 


4 


3.474 


22 


3,263 


Dentistry 


36,097+ 


1.3 


334 


31.983 


247 


21,113 


7 


7.450 


80 


3,420 


Veterinary medicine 


21,604 


0.7 


196 


18,567 


161 


14,310 


7 


3,022 


28 


1,235 


Pharmacy 


22,124 


0.8 


277 


18.208 


220 


14,671 


3 


1,106 


54 


2,431 


Other 


10,874+ 


0.4 


133 


9,144 


113 


7,974 


2 


318 


18 


852 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


362,114+ 


12.6 


3.841 


326,018 


3.328 


276,911 


42 


13,389 


471 


35,718 


Other components 


125,879+ 


4.4 


977 


111,323 


826 


84,298 


25 


17.023 


126 


10,003 


Organized research units 


45.893+ 


1.6 


261 


40.073 


238 


33,194 


12 


5.306 


11 


1,573 


Engineering 


26,140 


0.9 


239 


23.255 


215 


21,092 


2 


1.254 


22 


909 


Agriculture 


25,193 


0.9 


322 


22,957 


295 


21,610 


3 


341 


24 


1,006 


University-wide 


5.948 


0.2 


53 


5,725 


— 


— 


— 


— 


53 


5,725 


Other 


22.705+ 


0.8 


102 


19,314 


78 


8.401 


8 


10.122 


16 


790 



* Includes foreign. Cancer control grams and NCI and NIEHS cooperative agreements are included in totals only. ^Includes basic health-science departments administered by 
schools ot medicine and medicine/dentistry, ^Hospitals administered by institutions of higher education, except those administered by medical schools (e.g., Univ. of Texas System 
Cancer Center, $18,6 million). (Continued) 



Table 20 (Cont.) 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY COMPONENT AND FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Institutes and Research Divisions 






Research and dev. (cont.) 


Research training 


Cancer 
constr. qrants 


NLM 
awards 




















Major component 


Contracts 


Total 


Individ 


jal awards 


Institutional grants 






























Number 


Amount 


amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


Total — all Institutions* 


1,287 


$359,634 


$180,413 


1,752 


$35,497 


1,359 


$144,915 


6 


$2,027 


$15,147 


Total — higher education 


540 


111,844 


160,986 


1,406 


28,438 


1,219 


132,548 


6 


2,027 


8,364 


Health professional components 


484 


104,032 


121,989 


905 


18,632 


994 


103,357 


5 


1,653 


5,669 


Medical schools* 


397 


86,169 


109,268 


825 


16,960 


874 


92,308 


5 


1,653 


5,272 


Public health 


41 


9,323 


5,205 


14 


324 


43 


4,881 


— 


— 


48 


Hospitals? 


13 


3,119 


672 


1 


7 


5 


665 


_ 


_ 


178 


Dentistry 


5 


741 


3,174 


41 


826 


30 


2,348 


— 


— 


— 


Veterinary medicine 


9 


1,299 


1,738 


16 


333 


19 


1,405 


— 


— 


— 


Pharmacy 


12 


2,486 


1,296 


3 


67 


14 


1,229 


— 


— 


135 


Other 


7 


894 


636 


5 


116 


9 


521 


— 


— 


37 


Schools of A&S and graduate schools 


26 


2,216 


32,354 


424 


8,272 


180 


24,083 


1 


375 


629 


Other components 


30 


5,597 


6,642 


77 


1,535 


45 


5,108 


— 


— 


2,066 


Organized research units 


11 


2,764 


2,371 


25 


501 


15 


1,870 


— 


— 


463 


Engineering 


6 


1,233 


1,354 


15 


294 


11 


1,060 


— 


— 


298 


Agriculture 


3 


243 


1,993 


25 


525 


11 


1,468 


— 


— 


— 


University-wide 


1 


151 


72 


— 


— 


1 


72 


— 


— 


— 


Other 


9 


1,207 


852 


12 


215 


7 


637 


— 


— 


1,305 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 21 

NIH AWARDS BY NIH COMPONENT AND PERFORMING INSTITUTION, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Thousands of Dollars) 





Total 


Domestic nonprofit institutions 


Domest 


c profit institutions 






Total 


Higher education 


Other nonprofit 


Total 


Research 
institutes 


Other 


Foreign 
institutions* 


component 


Total 


Medica^ 
sctiools ' 


Other 
health pro- 
fessional 
schools 


Other 


Research 
institutes 


Hos- 
pitals' 


Other 


Total 


$2,883,673 


$2,715,018 


$2,161,998 


$1,506,542 


$167,463 


$487,993 


$279,469 


$201,809 


$71,742 


$144,715 


$86,387 


$58,328 


$23,940 


l/BD— Total 


2,868,526 


2,703,268 


2,153,634 


1,501,270 


167,066 


485,296 


278,967 


200,204 


70,464 


141,318 


86,308 


55,010 


23,940 


NIA 

NIAID 

NIADDK 

NCI 

NICHD 


53,629 
179,010 
308.595 
754,260 
180.785 


51,257 
175.540 
304.826 
637.105 
175.383 


40,948 
143.245 
256.230 
407.823 
143.594 


24.630 
100,528 
214.402 
302.539 

93,361 


2.280 
9.454 
9.086 
41.796 
11.124 


14,037 
33,262 
32.742 
63.488 
39,109 


5.529 
18.025 
13.255 
144.051 
15.981 


4.257 
11.833 
30.700 
54.490 
12.623 


523 
2,438 
4,640 
30,741 
3,185 


1,974 

2,323 

946 

108,319 

3.712 


1,257 
1,304 
317 
69,913 
3,328 


717 

1,019 

629 

38,406 

384 


399 
1,146 
2,823 
8,835 
1,690 


NIDR 

NIEHS 

NEI 

NIGMS 

NHLBI 

NINCDS 


48.246 
58.024 
100.772 
322.293 
470.340 
200,239 


47.143 
54.300 
99.889 
321.198 
457.931 
196,876 


40,894 
48,322 
84.205 
293.094 
377.890 
167,181 


10,175 
24,457 
62,564 
138,424 
320,236 
130,047 


27.685 
10.045 
5.035 
7.677 
23.830 
6.713 


3.035 
13.820 
16.606 
146.994 
33.824 
30.421 


3.861 
4.626 
7.858 
17.316 
24.132 
12.328 


1.187 
491 
7.546 
8.669 
41.520 
13.341 


1,201 
861 
280 

2.118 
14,390 

4,026 


517 
2.647 

9.210 
1.301 


437 
2,273 

6,371 
792 


80 
374 

2,839 
509 


586 
1,078 

883 
1,095 
3,198 
2,062 


DRR 

Other^ 


177.771 
4,601 
9,962 


174,300 
4,557 
2.964 


145,847 
3,053 
1.308 


76,405 
2,371 
1.131 


12.093 

168 

80 


57.348 
514 
96 


10.287 

1.216 

501 


13,357 
191 


4.810 

97 

1.156 


3.471 
6,898 


301 
14 


3,169 
6,884 


44 
100 


NLM 


15,147 


11.750 


8.364 


5,272 


397 


2.695 


502 


1,605 


1.279 


3,397 


79 


3,318 


- 



*lncludes basic health-science departments administered by schools of medicine and medlcine/dentistty. 'Nonprofit hospitals not owned by schools or research institutes. "''Awards 
to U.S. citizens as well as to foreign nationals. §CC, DCRT, DRG, DRS, and OD, 



Table 22 
NIH AWARDS TO U.S. MEDICAL SCHOOLS BY FUNDING MECHANISM, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981' 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 
amount 


Institutes and Research Divisions 








Research and developme 


nt 




Research train 


ng 




Construe 
grants 


ion 


NLM 


year 


Grants 


Contracts 


Total 
amount 


Individual awards 


Institutional grants 






Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Amount 


1971 


$ 479,229 


6,495 


$ 382,684 


* 


$ t 


$ 95,460 


1,029 $10,257 


1,428 


$ 85,203 


_ 


$ — 


$1,085 


1972 


565,946 


6,580 


453,787 


t 


* 


99,356 


917 9,383 


1,363 


89,973 


4 


11.292 


1,511 


1973 


637,667 


6,429 


464,803 


530 


74,942 


75,037 


524 5,518 


1,137 


69,519 


9 


18.310 


4,574 


1974 


853,619 


7,306 


603,376 


693 


1 1 1 ,430 


116,291 


1.105 15,314 


1,915 


100,976 


6 


14.525 


5,150 


1975 


875,922 


7,421 


637,152 


737 


119,329 


95,832 


979 13,406 


1,131 


82,426 


7 


17,029 


4,578 


1976 


893,216 


7,793 


693,481 


689 


111,675 


71,883 


806 11,466 


810 


60,416 


8 


8,327 


3,557 


1977 


995,290 


7,917 


770,930 


782 


126,378 


77,461 


930 12,998 


762 


64.463 


6 


9,624 


3.920 


1978 


1,161,616 


8,709 


907,495 


720 


135,140 


90,294 


1,011 14,616 


861 


75.678 


8 


8,387 


4.376 


1979 


1,338,926 


10,035 


1,086,914 


673 


144,754 


89,659 


1,055 15,488 


819 


74.171 


5 


5,950 


4.248 


1980 


1,429,156 


10,511 


1,192,163 


498 


109,481 


110.532 


959 18,948 


989 


91.584 


3 


3,860 


5,252 


1981 


1,506,542 


10,712 


1,295,268 


397 


86,169 


109,268 


825 16,960 


874 


92.308 


5 


1,653 


5,272 



Includes basic health-science departments administered by schools of medicine and medicine/dentistry. Cancer control grants, which began in 1974, are included in totals only. 
^Not available. 



Figure 3 

NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH PROJECTS 

REVIEWED. RECOMMENDED FOR APPROVAL BY COUNCILS. AND AWARDED. 

SELECTED FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981' 




•Excludes NLM. Represents grants coded ROl (except DRR), R22. R23. and POl. Original applications and their amendments for the same fiscal 
year are counted as one. "Reviewed and recommended for funding in year shown. ^Approvals carried over from a prior year and funded in the 
year shown. 



Table 23 

APPLICATIONS FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH PROJECTS REVIEWED, 

RECOMMENDED FOR APPROVAL BY COUNCILS, AND AWARDED, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 ' 

(Dollars In Thousands) 



Fiscal year 


Reviewed 


Council recommended 
for approval* 


Total eligible 
for funding 


Awarded 




Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number'*" Amount 


Number 


Amount 


1971 


7,579 


$ 433,882 


5,215 $ 230.019 


5,301 $ 233.647 


'2,691 


$132,960 


1972 


8,596 


547,71 1 


6,008 295,018 


6,141 299,847 


3,625 


194,184 


1973 


9,306 


674,41 1 


6,631 352,211 


6,668 354.341 


2,592 


166,028 


1974 


9,448 


738,924 


7,061 397,773 


7,803 434,325 


4,540 


307,280 


1975 


10,093 


819,532 


7,510 438,488 


7,701 446,742 


4,663 


298,328 


1976 


10,050 


896,783 


7,162 465,132 


7,171 465,931 


3,464 


263,002 


1977 


13,304 


1,267,582 


9,851 681,584 


9,932 686,759 


3,840 


306,897 


1978 


14,502 


1,403,379 


11,251 798,921 


11,489 818,964 


5,200 


420,850 


1979 


14,458 


1,538,212 


11,208 897,539 


11,510 916,042 


5,944 


525,473 


1980 


14,142 


1,571,644 


11,220 969,312 


11,301 976,916 


4,785 


472,484 


1981 


15,731 


1,897,526 


12,939 1,233,805 


13,027 1,240,975 


5,109 


545,036 



Excludes NLM. Represents grants coded R01 (except DRR), R22, R23, and POI. Original applications and their amendments for the same fiscal year are counted as one. As 
in other award tables, dollar figures represent total cost (direct and indirect). Indirect costs included under "Reviewed," "Recommended," and "Total eligible for funding" are based 
on indirect cost rates for each BID's funded applications in year shown. ^Reviewed and recommended for funding in year shown. ^Council recommended, plus those approvals 
from a prior year which were funded in year shown. 



Table 24 

AWARD RATES FOR NIH COMPETING RESEARCH PROJECTS BY NIH COMPONENT, 

FISCAL YEARS 1971, 1976, AND 1978-1981 



NIH 






Number awarded 






Award rates* 


component 


1971 


1976 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


1971 


1976 


1978 


1979 


1980 


1981 


Total 


2,691 


3,464 


5,200 


5,944 


4,785 


5,109 


50.8% 


48.3% 


45.3% 


51.6% 


42.3% 


39.2% 


NIA+ 


- 


30 


85 


214 


131 


118 


- 


26.1 


34.1 


48.5 


32.0 


23.6 


NIAID 


280 


181 


397 


537 


452 


433 


46.2 


26.9 


36.4 


48.6 


38.3 


34.9 


NIADDK 


443 


447 


685 


769 


698 


759 


47.1 


50.6 


42.1 


50,0 


42.8 


41.0 


NCI 


330 


674 


886 


901 


773 


814 


59.1 


49.6 


43.4 


43.9 


39.0 


35.8 


NICHD 


235 


267 


453 


461 


348 


453 


39.8 


39.1 


45.7 


44.8 


36.3 


39.2 


NIDR 


96 


95 


144 


131 


97 


143 


59.3 


57.6 


39.5 


45.5 


37.7 


45.1 


NIEHS 


50 


38 


119 


91 


87 


113 


57.5 


34.9 


45.2 


41.0 


35.1 


47.5 


NEI 


115 


161 


350 


301 


217 


304 


67.3 


64.9 


64.6 


65.2 


52.2 


52.4 


NIGMS 


325 


630 


788 


1,020 


890 


711 


36.3 


59.6 


46.7 


58.2 


58.3 


40.1 


NHLBI 


446 


707 


759 


942 


589 


774 


61.9 


59.3 


46.7 


55.4 


33.8 


40.7 


NINCDS 


371 


234 


534 


577 


503 


487 


64.9 


34.1 


53.0 


62.6 


52.9 


40.6 



"Number awarded as a percent of number eligible (recommended for approval + carryover). 'Founded in 1974, but funded with NICHD until 1976. 



Figure 4 
NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE. FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981* 



NUMBER OF AWARDS 



MILLIONS OF DOLLARS 



16.000 



14.000 - 
12.000 - 
10.000 - 
8.000 ^ 
6.000 - 
4.000 - 
2.000 



, / 



NONCOMPETING 

CONTINUATION" 

NEV,' 



COMPETING 

CONTINUATION 

SUPPLEMENTAL^ 



/_ 




SI .600 



1.400 

- 1,200 

- 1.000 
800 
600 
400 
200 



1971 72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 '78 '79 '80 '81 



1971 '72 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 '78 '79 '80 '81 



Excludes NLM. 'Includes all BRS grants (807), of which 24 for S0.8 million were new grants in 1981. -^Each supplemental grant is counted 
separately. 



Table 25 

NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE. FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981' 

(Dollars in Thousands) 



Rscal 


Total 
number" 


TotaJ 


New 


Competing 
continuation 


Noncompeting 
continuation? 


Supplemental ' 




Number^ 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


1971 


12.275 


12.126 


S 699.671 


1.647 


S 84.946 


1,387 


SI 02.938 


8.341 


S 502,235 


900 


S 9.522 


1972 


12.768 


12.568 


825.535 


2,408 


132.202 


1,665 


125.464 


7.859 


554,713 


836 


13.156 


1973 


12.556 


12,310 


837.476 


1.720 


101.799 


1,169 


124.324 


8.738 


592.859 


929 


18.494 


1974 


14.585 


14,311 


1 .093.470 


3.090 


207,622 


1.874 


179.752 


8,685 


686.452 


936 


19,643 


1975 


14,699 


14.480 


1.141,340 


3.388 


214,031 


1.962 


189,391 


8,469 


718.976 


880 


18.942 


1976 


15,475 


15.230 


1.263.551 


2.411 


157,462 


1,525 


173,976 


10,692 


898,483 


847 


33.631 


1977 


15,608 


15.426 


1.417,196 


2.550 


183.545 


1,841 


236,648 


10,220 


962,715 


997 


34,287 


1978 


16,824 


16,623 


1,617,991 


3.471 


244.014 


2,364 


305,986 


10,009 


1,029,453 


980 


38,537 


1979 


19,332 


19.039 


1,928,636 


4,247 


322.090 


2,296 


31 1 ,797 


1 1 ,742 


1.252,298 


1.047 


42,452 


1980 


20,116 


19.865 


2.132.735 


3.241 


278,095 


2,115 


339,229 


13,793 


1 ,475,369 


967 


40,043 


1981 


20,412 


20,229 


2,302.843 


3.135 


278,713 


2.427 


380.679 


13,982 


1 .607.293 


868 


36,159 



Excludes NLM. Each supplemental grant is counted separately. "^Includes all BRS grants (S07), of which 24 for S0.8 million were new grants in 1981. 
^Supplemental grants are counted only when the parent award is from prior years' funds: such supplements, if multiple, are counted as one. 



Table 26 
NIH COMPETING AND NONCOMPETING RESEARCH GRANTS BY NIH COMPONENT AND TYPE, FISCAL YEAR 1981 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 
number 


Total 


New 


Competing 
continuation 


Noncompeting 
continuation' 




Supplemental* 




NIH 
component 


Competing 


Noncompeting 




Number* 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total 


20,412 


20,229 


$2,302,843 


3,135 


$278,713 


2,427 3380,679 


13,982 $1,607,293 


197 


$8,960 


671 


$27,199 


NIA 


487 


486 


46,134 


107 


9,235 


31 5.321 


342 31.442 


1 


30 


6 


106 


NIAID 


1,664 


1,649 


158,109 


253 


22.437 


179 23.008 


1.194 111.567 


16 


509 


22 


588 


NIADDK 


2.851 


2,839 


281,436 


455 


34.854 


344 46,146 


1.956 197.826 


21 


665 


75 


1,944 


NCI 


3,618 


3,564 


493,358 


561 


58.718 


461 90,653 


2.252 330.012 


47 


1.113 


297 


12.863 


NICHO 


1,420 


1,418 


155,037 


300 


24.354 


180 23,173 


901 106.576 


5 


75 


34 


858 


NIDR 


418 


417 


41,513 


87 


6.469 


66 6.870 


256 27,792 


1 


23 


8 


359 


NIEHS 


344 


343 


43,678 


80 


6,136 


41 7.564 


212 29.420 


- 


- 


11 


558 


NEI 


1,074 


1,068 


93,041 


157 


13,064 


150 16.523 


704 62.119 


6 


215 


57 


1.119 


NIGMS 


2,916 


2,901 


268,168 


329 


30,249 


368 46.663 


2.158 189.592 


26 


991 


35 


672 


NHLBI 


2,810 


2,774 


371,205 


519 


47.180 


307 52.604 


1.873 266.683 


39 


3.102 


72 


1.636 


NINCDS 


1,729 


1,720 


178.370 


272 


23.239 


240 30.614 


1,177 122,182 


11 


326 


29 


2.008 


DRR 


1,081 


1,050 


172,794 


16 


2.777 


60 31.540 


957 132,081 


24 


1.911 


25 


4.486 



Each supplemental grant is counted separately, "includes all BBS grants (S07), of which 24 for $0.8 million were new grants i 
when the parent award is from prior years' funds; such supplements, if multiple, are counted as one. 



1981. ^Supplemental grants i 



Table 27 
NIH COMPETING AND NONCOMPETING RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND AND TYPE, FISCAL YEAR 1981 ' 

(Dollars In Thousands) 





Total 


Total 


New 


Competing 
continuation 


Noncompeting 
continuation* 


Supplemental^ 


Kind of grant 


Competing 


Noncompeting 




number 






























Number^ 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Totaf l/RD 


20,412 


20,229 


$2,302,843 


3,135 


$278,713 


2,427 


$380,679 


13,9S2 


$1,607,293 


197 


$8,960 


671 


$27,199 


Research projects 


17,035 


16,908 


1,767,142 


2,784 


253,960 


2,175 


284,972 


11,370 


1 ,204,936 


148 


6,346 


558 


16,927 


Traditional (R01) 


15,652 


15.549 


1.402,628 


2.397 


211,896 


2.084 


230.076 


10.538 


946,247 


123 


4,165 


510 


10,244 


Researcti program projects {P01) 


571 


549 


325.427 


43 


24.840 


81 


53.533 


382 


238,279 


24 


2,171 


41 


6,603 


Other (R22, R23) 


812 


810 


39.088 


344 


17.224 


10 


1.363 


460 


20,410 


1 


10 


7 


80 


Research centers 


554 


520 


339,425 


24 


9,562 


8S 


68,112 


367 


251,742 


26 


2,002 


49 


8,007 


Specialized (P50) 


165 


158 


108,128 


10 


5.827 


14 


12.295 


128 


88,973 


2 


125 


11 


909 


Core grants (P30) 


149 


148 


100.952 


6 


2.286 


32 


28.106 


94 


67,987 


1 


18 


16 


2,555 


General clinical (M01) 


94 


75 


59.858 


— 


— 


18 


14.168 


57 


44,971 


18 


701 


1 


18 


Comprehensive (P60) 


44 


42 


31,411 


— 


— 


6 


3.296 


32 


27,490 


2 


290 


4 


335 


Primate res. ctr, grants (P51) 


8 


8 


17,218 


— 


— 


2 


4,537 


4 


9,866 


— 


— 


2 


2,814 


Biotech, resource grants (P41) 


47 


42 


15,868 


3 


767 


8 


4,491 


25 


8,728 


2 


787 


9 


1,095 


Animal resource grants (P40) 


47 


47 


5,990 


5 


681 


8 


1,218 


27 


3,727 


1 


82 


6 


282 


Other research 


2,823 


2,801 


196,276 


327 


15,191 


164 


27,595 


2,245 


150,614 


23 


611 


64 


2,265 


RCPAs (K) 


1,266 


1,263 


50,439 


202 


8,651 


— 


— 


1,050 


41,720 


4 


42 


10 


27 


Biomed. res. sup & dev, (S07. SOB) 


546 


546 


46,129 


— 


— 


— 


— 


546 


46,129 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Cooperative clinical (RIO) 


287 


276 


43.088 


22 


2.517 


84 


15,970 


136 


22,784 


14 


211 


31 


1,606 


Minority biomed. sup. grants (306) 


88 


81 


24,974 


3 


1.230 


19 


6.516 


57 


16,611 


3 


340 


6 


276 


National organ site projects (R26) 


167 


167 


15.962 


12 


881 


26 


2.063 


116 


12.679 


— 


— 


13 


340 


Other (R13; R18 except cancer control: 




























R21; R24; R25; 803; DRR R01, R23) 


469 


468 


15.684 


88 


1.912 


35 


3.046 


340 


10.692 


2 


18 


4 


16 



Excludes NLM. 'Each supplemental grant is counted separately. '•^Includes all BRS grants (SOT), of which 24 for $0.8 million were new grants in 1981. ^Supplemental grants are 
counted only when the parent award is from prior years' funds: such supplements, if multiple, are counted as one. 



Table 28 

NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND OF GRANT AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEAR 1981* 

(Dollars in Thousands) 





Total 


NIA 


NAID 


NIADDK 


NCI 


NICHD 


Kind of grant 


























and code 


Number^ 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


Total l/RD 


20,229 


$2,302,843 


486 


$46,134 


1,649 


$158,109 


2,839 


$281,436 


3,564 


$493,358 


1,418 


$155,037 


Research projects 


16,908 


1,767,142 


410 


41,880 


1,524 


150,417 


2,515 


249,181 


2,824 


354,854 


1,278 


129,110 


Traditional (R01) 


15,549 


1,402,628 


337 


27,136 


1,355 


126,662 


2,352 


217,768 


2,565 


235,612 


1,197 


105,166 


Research program projects (P01) 


549 


325,427 


36 


13,197 


30 


14,444 


45 


25,494 


165 


114,860 


50 


22,308 


Other (R22, R23) 


810 


39,088 


37 


1,547 


139 


10,321 


118 


5,919 


94 


4.382 


31 


1,636 


Research centers 


520 


339,425 


1 


228 


23 


3,976 


42 


20,681 


69 


71,627 


43 


22,349 


Specialized (PSO) 


158 


108,128 


— 


— 


23 


3,976 


— 


— 


1 


500 


19 


11,955 


Core grants (PSO) 


148 


100,952 


1 


228 


— 


— 


14 


5,944 


68 


71,127 


24 


10,393 


General clinical (M01) 


75 


59,858 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Comprehensive {P60) 


42 


31,411 


— 


— 


— 


— 


28 


14,737 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Primate res, cir. grants (P51) 


8 


17,218 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


_ 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Biotech, resource grants (P41) 


42 


15,868 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Animal resource grants (P40) 


47 


5,990 


- 


— 


- 


— 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Other research 


2,801 


196,276 


75 


4,026 


102 


3,717 


282 


11,574 


671 


66,878 


97 


3,578 


RCPAs (K) 


1,263 


50,439 


53 


2,666 


93 


3,377 


260 


10,822 


123 


4,817 


93 


3,538 


Biomed. res. sup. & dev. (SOT), SOS) 


546 


46,129 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


Cooperative clinical (RIO) 


276 


43,088 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


255 


36,870 


— 


— 


Minority biomed. sup. grants (S06) 


81 


24,974 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


National organ site projects (R26) 


167 


15,962 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


167 


15,962 


— 


— 


Other (R13; R18 except cancer control; 


























R21; R24; R25; S03; DRR R01. R23) 


468 


15,684 


22 


1,360 


9 


339 


22 


752 


126 


9,229 


4 


40 



'^ Excludes NLM. ^Supplemental grants are counted only when the parent award is from prior years* funds; such supplements, if multiple, are counted as c 



Table 28 (Cont.) 

NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND OF GRANT AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEAR 1981' 

(Dollars in Thousands) 



Kind ol grant 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLBI 


NINCDS 


DRR 


and code 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Number Amount 


Totat l/RO 
Research protects 

Traditional (ROl) 

Research program projects (P01) 

Other {R22, R23, NIGMS P41) 

Research centers 
Specialized (P50) 
Core grants (P30) 
General clinical (MOl) 
Comprehensive (P60) 
Primate res- cir. grants (P51) 
Biotech resource grants (P41) 
Animal resource grants (P40) 

Other research 
RCPAs (K) 

Biomed res- sup. & dev, (SOT), SOS) 
Cooperative clinical (RIO) 
Minority biomed- sup. grants (S06) 
National organ site projects (R26) 
Other (R13: R18 except cancer control; 
R21: R24; R25; SOS: DRR ROl, R23) 


417 $41,513 
375 31,250 

312 25,442 
10 3,655 
53 2,153 
8 9,178 
B 9,178 

34 1,085 

27 960 

7 125 


343 $43,678 

306 33,285 

262 24,157 
15 7,912 
29 1,216 
14 9,603 

14 9,603 

23 789 

23 789 


1,068 $93,041 

955 85,040 

935 84,032 

20 1 ,008 
31 4,228 
4 571 
27 3,656 

82 3,773 

60 2,140 

20 1,617 
2 15 


2,901 $268,168 
2,829 253,525 

2,707 234.953 
41 16,853 
81 1,720 
22 12,847 
22 12,847 

50 1,795 

45 1 ,641 

5 154 


2,774 $371,205 

2,396 290,395 

2,114 209,417 
92 72,708 
190 8,270 
62 63,604 
48 46,930 

14 16,674 

316 17,206 

301 12,323 

1 4,601 
14 283 


1,720 $178,370 
1,496 148,205 

1,413 113,292 
65 33,996 
18 916 
33 22,171 
33 22,171 

191 7,994 

185 7,366 

6 628 


1,050 $172,794 

172 98,934 

75 59,858 

8 17,218 
42 15.868 
47 5,990 
878 73,861 

546 46.129 

81 24.974 

251 2,758 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 29 

NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY KIND OF GRANT, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1 981 ' 

(Dollars In Millions) 







Total 


Research projects* 


Research centers 


Other research 


year 


number'^ 


Number^ 


Amount 


Number 


Amount 


No. 


Amt. 


Percent 


No. 


Amt. 






Total 


Percent 


R01 


P01 


aner 


Percent 


1971 


12,275 


12,126 


$ 699.7 


9,885 


$ 478.6 


68.4% 


$ 368.6 


$105.9 


$ 4.1 


402 


$129.3 


18.5% 


1,839 


$ 92.0 


13.2% 


1972 


12,768 


12,568 


825.5 


10,152 


555.5 


67.3 


425.1 


126.6 


3.8 


497 


173.5 


21.0 


1,919 


96.8 


11.7 


1973 


12,556 


12,310 


837.5 


9,869 


578.3 


69.1 


435.6 


138.6 


4.1 


505 


186.9 


22.3 


1,936 


72.4 


8.6 


1974 


14,585 


14,311 


1,093.5 


11,408 


739.9 


67.7 


565.2 


168.6 


6.1 


554 


212.9 


19.5 


2,349 


140.9 


12.9 


1975 


14,699 


14,480 


1,141.3 


11,740 


779.5 


68.3 


598.2 


175.9 


5.4 


555 


244.4 


21.4 


2,185 


117.7 


10.3 


1976 


15,475 


15,230 


1,263.6 


12,478 


891.3 


70.5 


687.6 


195.9 


7.8 


569 


246.2 


19.5 


2,183 


126.3 


10.0 


1977 


15,608 


15,426 


1,417.2 


12,592 


993.6 


70.1 


766.9 


216.8 


9.9 


578 


282.2 


19.9 


2,256 


141.4 


10.0 


1978 


16,824 


16,623 


1,618.0 


13,558 


1,146.9 


70.9 


901.0 


229.6 


16.3 


597 


307.1 


19.0 


2,468 


164.0 


10.1 


1979 


19,932 


19,039 


1,928.6 


15,770 


1,402.0 


72.7 


1,118.6 


260.1 


23.3 


664 


339.4 


17.6 


2,605 


187.3 


9.7 


1980 


20,116 


19,865 


2,132.7 


16,623 


1.593.8 


74.7 


1,267.9 


297.5 


28.4 


599 


336.2 


15.8 


2,643 


202.8 


9.5 


1981 


20,412 


20,229 


2,302.8 


16,908 


1,767.1 


76.7 


1,402.6 


325.4 


39.1 


520 


339.4 


15.9 


2,801 


196.3 


8.5 



* Excludes NLM, ^Each supplemental grant is counted separately. ^Includes some NCI core support prior to 1975. Excludes DRR R01 and R23 grants (included under Other research). 
^Supplemental grants are counted only when the parent award is from prior years' funds; such supplements, if multiple, are counted as one. 



Table 30 
AVERAGE SIZE OF NIH AWARDS BY KIND OF AWARD AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1971 AND 1981* 

(Thousands of Dollars) 



Kind of grant 


Total 


NIA^ 


NIAID 


NIADDK 


NCI 


NICHD 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


Research projects 

Traditional (R01) 

Researcti program projects (P01) 

Other (R22. R23) 
Research centers 

Specialized (PSO) 

Core grants (PSO) 

General clinical (M01) 

Comprehensive (P60) 

Pnmate res ctr grants (P51) 

Biotech, resource grants (P41) 

Animal resource grants (P40) 

Other (P20, ROT) 
Other research 

RCPAs (K) 

Biomed, res, sup, & dev, (S07. S08) 

Cooperative clinical (R10) 

Minority biomed sup grants (S06) 

National organ site projects (R26) 

Other {R13; R18 except cancer 

control: R21; R24; R25: S03; DRR R01, R23) 
Contracts (N01) 
Training 

Indiv awards (F's except F09) 

Insfl, awards (T's except T09) 


S 51.5 S 107.1 

41.7 92,6 
298.9 629.6 

39.3 48.5 

340.6 693.6 

339.7 709.6 
555.5 745.3 
463.5 798.1 

— 817.8 
1 ,497,2 2,400.6 

2379 420.9 

65.8 140.7 

179.8 — 

51.0 71.0 

24.5 40.3 
121.3 84.5 

48.4 171.5 

— 315-4 

— 101.4 

33 1 33-8 
122.6* 279.8* 

8-8 203 
63 9 108,4 


- S103.2 

- 81,2 

- 385.9 

- 41.8 

- 228.0 

- 228.0 

- 54.3 

- 51.2 

- 61,8 

- 306.0 

- 21.0 

- 72,2 


S 42.4 $ 99.5 

40.5 93,6 
335,9 506.4 

48.6 74.2 
254.0 196.0 
127.0 196.0 

571.4 — 

24.7 36.8 

24.7 36,7 

— 37,7 

62.0 159.9 

92 19,5 

58.1 95,2 


S 42.5 SI 01 .5 
38.4 94.9 
208.9 591.6 
58,1 50.2 

166.0 535.6 
287,7 — 

— 455.9 

— 577.1 

44.4 — 

24.9 41.4 

25.4 41.9 

6.2 35.2 
75.8 179.2 

104 202 
54.0 67.5 


S 78.5 S 133.3 

55.7 98.1 

400.7 759.9 

— 47.8 

358.8 1,215.4 

— 500-0 

985.9 1,228.1 

94.8 — 

40.4 104.7 

24.5 40.0 

48.4 159.6 

— 101.4 

29.9 73.8 
182.8 325.2 

93 19.7 

62.6 128,7 


S 53.5 $103.2 

41.8 89.7 
232.2 463.4 

21.6 52.8 

367.9 527.9 

296,5 629.2 
373.0 444.2 

23.7 37.6 

23.9 38.8 

17,4 9.9 
76.3 144.9 

9.1 19.8 
84,9 89,4 



Excludes NLM, Supplements to prior year grants are excluded from the base ' Founded in 1974, but funded with NICHD until 1976, ^Includes CC. DCRT, DRS, and OD, 



Table 30 (Cont.) 
AVERAGE SIZE OF NIH AWARDS BY KIND OF AWARD AND NIH COMPONENT, FISCAL YEARS 1971 AND 1981 * 

(Thousands of Dollars) 



Kind of grant 


NIDR 


NIEHS 


NEI 


NIGMS 


NHLBl 


NINCDS 


DRR 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 


1971 1981 




Research profects 

Traditional (ROi) 
Research program projects (P01) 
Other (R22. R23) 
Research centers 
Specialized (P50) 
Core grants (P30) 
General clinical (M01) 
Comprehensive (P60) 
Primate res. ctr. grants (P51) 
Biotech, resound grants (P41) 
Animal resource grants (P40) 
Other (P20, ROT) 

Other research 

RCPAs (K) 

Biomed. res. sup. S dev. (807, SOB) 

Cooperative clinical (R10) 

Minority biomed. sup. grants (S06) 

National organ site projects (R26) 

Other (R13: R18 except cancer 

control: R21; R24; R25: 803; DRR ROI, R23) 
Contrscu (NOI) 
Training 

Indrv. awards (Fs except F09) 

Inst'l. awards (Ts except T09) 


$ 52.9 S S3.9 

40.8 82.4 
190.4 390.4 

10.4 40.6 
851.3 1,147.3 
851.3 1.147.3 

22.7 32.9 

22.7 35.6 

— 20.8 
57.7 118.9 

11.0 19.6 

57.1 79.6 


S 57.6 S110.2 

36.5 92.7 

218.4 559.0 

— 43.6 

508.3 685.9 

508.3 685.9 

21.4 35.9 

21.4 35.9 

36.7 206.7 

9.5 19.2 
74.1 129.0 


S 41.6 S 93.1 

40.0 94.0 
351.8 — 

— 50.4 

133.8 148.7 

120.5 193.0 
253.2 145.1 

28.2 46.6 

30.9 36.3 

— 80.9 

7.3 7.7 
125.8 135.7 

13.8 19.2 
61.2 75.0 


S 61.1 S 90.7 

47.6 87.7 
278.8 486.8 

— 21.2 

470.7 583.9 
475.3 583.9 

364.8 — 

23.0 35.9 

23.1 36.5 

9.1 30.8 
336.5 387.6 

7.1 19.4 

83.7 155.8 


$ 60.0 S 124.2 

42.2 101.8 
425.6 796.4 

— 43.7 
483.6 1,059.1 
483.6 997.8 

— 1.280.6 

26.8 54.6 

27.0 40.9 

— 4,600.6 

16.9 21.3 
115.9 332.2 

13.1 19.8 
48.1 106.5 


S 36.4 S100.1 

33.8 81.2 
162.9 550.6 
— 50.9 
223.8 671.9 
223.8 671.9 

22.8 41.9 
23.2 39.8 

15.0 104.7 
118.2 180.9 

10.4 19.2 

52.9 76.6 


s - s - 

328.2 605.3 

463.5 798.1 

1.497.2 2,400.6 
237.9 420.9 
65.8 140.7 

121.0 84.3 

. 121.3 84.5 

— 315.4 

106.6 11.0 
128.6 336.1 

10.5 19.0 
39.1 65.3 



See footnotes at beginning of table. 



Table 31 
INDIRECT COSTS OF NIH RESEARCH GRANTS BY TYPE OF PERFORMER, FISCAL YEARS 1971-1981 ' 

(Dollars In Thousands) 





1971 


1975 


1977 


1979 


1981 


Type of 
performer 


Total 
cost 


Indirect cost 


Total 
cost 


Indirect cost 


Total 
cost 


Indirect cost 


Total 
cost 


Indirect cost 


Total 
cost 


Indirect cost 




Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Amount 


Percent 


Total 


$619,907 


$129,287 


20.9% 


$1,071,758 


$259,677 


24.2% 


$1,345,118 


$347,494 


25.8% 


$1,838,074 


$497,070 


27.0% 


$2,205,276 


$629,906 


28.6% 


Public 


270,050 


58,099 


215 


463,600 


106,401 


23.0 


567,232 


133,775 


23.6 


792,966 


194,131 


24.5 


949,040 


239,676 


253 


Private 


349,857 


71,188 


203 


608,258 


153,276 


25.2 


777,886 


213,719 


27.5 


1,045,109 


302,939 


29.0 


1 ,256,236 


390.230 


31.1 


Higher education 


502,594 


107,556 


21.4 


868,406 


212,728 


24.5 


1,078,672 


279,969 


26.0 


1,490,918 


406,997 


27.3 


1,785,591 


514,841 


28.8 


Public 


253,619 


55,738 


22.0 


437,748 


101,504 


23.2 


539,831 


128.855 


239 


759,280 


187,870 


247 


908,388 


231.382 


25.5 


Private 


248,976 


51,818 


20.8 


430,657 


111,224 


25.8 


538,840 


151,114 


28.0 


731,639 


219,127 


300 


877,203 


283,458 


32.3 


Research Institutes 


45,321 


9,177 


20.2 


83,609 


23,270 


27.8 


117,608 


36,060 


30.7 


170,408 


53,042 


31.1 


205,590 


67,086 


32.6 


Public 


2,920 


140 


4.8 


1,945 


391 


20.1 


2.328 


521 


22.4 


1,949 


463 


23.8 


1.762 


540 


30.6 


Private 


42.402 


9,037 


21.3 


81,664 


22,879 


28,0 


115.280 


35.539 


30.8 


168,458 


52.578 


31.2 


203,828 


66.546 


32.6 


Independent hospitals^ 


56.648 


10,129 


17.9 


95,853 


19,622 


20.5 


113,461 


26,191 


23.1 


136,432 


30,569 


22.4 


163,608 


40,186 


24.6 


Public 


9,319 


1,828 


19.6 


18,900 


3,803 


20.1 


17,564 


3,533 


20 1 


21,615 


4,875 


22.6 


25.774 


6,568 


25.5 


Private 


47,329 


8,300 


17.5 


76,953 


15,819 


206 


95,897 


22,657 


23.6 


114.817 


25,695 


22.4 


137,834 


33.618 


24.4 


Other 


15,344 


2,425 


15.8 


23,891 


4,056 


17.0 


35,378 


5,274 


14.9 


40,316 


6,462 


16.0 


50,488 


7,793 


15.4 


Public 


4,193 


393 


94 


4,906 


703 


14.3 


7,509 


865 


11.5 


10,122 


923 


9.1 


13,117 


1,186 


9.0 


Private 


11,150 


2,032 


182 


18,984 


3,354 


17 7 


27,868 


4.409 


15.8 


30,194 


5,539 


18.3 


37,371 


6,607 


17.7 



5 and ditlerent cutoff c 



Table 32 
CLINICAL CENTER DATA ON NIH BY COMPONENT, AND ON NIMH, FISCAL YEARS 1975, 1978, AND 1981 







Inpatient 






Inpatient 






Length 






Number 






Outpatient 




ComponenI 




admissions 






days* 






of stayt 






of beds 






visits 






1975 


1978 


1981 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1975 


1978 


1981 


1975 


1978 


1981 


Total 


4,939 


7,063 


7,582 


114,587 


126,890 


111,480 


23 


18 


15 


519 


SI 4 


504 


77,719 


73,236 


99,388 


NIH 


4,772 


6,746 


7,268 


98,219 


105,218 


94,466 


21 


15 


13 


445 


445 


436 


74,307 


69,965 


93,750 

2,248 
3,616 


NIAID 


477 


685 


783 


12,709 


14,599 


13,193 


31 


20 


16 


52 


52 


50 


1,390 


2,124 


NIADDK 


499 


659 


772 


12,959 


13,015 


12,408 


25 


20 


16 


64 


64 


56 


5,999 


7,567 


12,862 


NCI 


1,547 


2,894 


2,690 


27,577 


30,171 


27,017 


18 


10 


10 


124 


124 


118 


32,921 


30,526 


36,263 


NICHD 


301 


320 


680 


6,039 


6,157 


8,236 


19 


22 


12 


20 


38 


46 


4,971 


2,774 


6,098 


NIDR 


17 


8 


27 


377 


61 


237 


20 


8 


9 


5 


5 


5 


5,232 


8,644 


5,497 


NEI 


79 


47 


71 


4,136 


2,273 


809 


49 


36 


13 


26 


14 


10 


5,972 


3,790 


10.729 


NHLBI 


1,312 


1.501 


1,523 


20,610 


23,805 


19,644 


15 


16 


13 


102 


96 


94 


14,131 


8.743 


9,190 


NINCDS 


540 


632 


692 


13,812 


15,137 


12,287 


25 


23 


18 


52 


52 


52 


3,691 


5,797 


7,143 


CC§ 


- 


- 


30 


- 


- 


635 


- 


- 


16 


- 


- 


5 


- 


- 


104 


nimh" 


167 


317 


314 


16,368 


21,672 


17,014 


93 


71 


55 


74 


69 


68 


3,412 


3,271 


5,638 



Summation of daily censuses. ^Average length of stay of discharged patients (number of days). ^Part of NICHD until 1974. ^Clinical Center patients admitted to the Critical Care 
Medicine Department, which opened in 1979. "a component of ADAMHA, not NIH; NIMH intramural research is performed at the NIH Clinical Center. 



CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF NIH PROGRAMS* 

1836 Library of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army) established (now the National Library of Medicine). 

1879 National Board of Health created by law (first Federal national medical research effort), 3/3. 

1887 Laboratory of Hygiene for research on cholera and other Infectious diseases founded at Marine Hospital, Staten 
Island, N.Y., under the Treasury Department's Marine Hospital Service. 

1889 Public Health Service Commissioned Corps authorized, 1/4 (25 Stat. L. 639). 

1891 Hygienic Laboratory moved from Staten Island to Service headquarters, Washington, D.C. 

1902 Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health & Marine Hospital Service, 7/1 (32 Stat.L.712). Biologies Con- 
trol Act passed, making Service responsible for biologies control and establishing Advisory Board (later to become 
National Advisory Health Council), 7/1 (P.L.57-244). 

1912 Name of Public Health & Marine Hospital Service changed to Public Health Service (PHS), and research program 
expanded to include problems other than communicable diseases, 8/14 (37 Stat.L.309). 

1918 Chamberlain-Kahn Act passed for study of venerea! diseases, 7/9(40Stat.L.886). PHS makes first research grants 
to institutions. 

*For greater detail, see NIH Almanac. 



1921 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Laboratory established as field station of PHS, 9/20. 

1922 Special Cancer Investigations Laboratory established by PHS investigators at Harvard Medical School, 8/1 . Library 
of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army) renamed Army Medical Library. 

1930 Advisory Board for Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Advisory Health Council, 4/9 (P.L.71-106). Under Ransdeli 
Act, Hygienic Laboratory becomes National Institute of Health (NIH), and construction of two buildings and establish- 
ment of fellowship system are authorized, 5/26 (P.L.71-251). Narcotics Division changed to Division of Mental 
Hygiene, and investigation of causes, treatment, and prevention of mental and nervous diseases authorized, 6/1 4 
(P.L.71-357). 

1937 National Cancer Institute (NCI) established, with authority for research grants, fellowships, training, and assistance 
to States, 8/5 (P.L.75-244). Rocky Mountain Laboratory becomes part of NIH's Division of Infectious Diseases. 

1938 National Institute of Health moves to land in Bethesda, Md., donated by Mr. & Mrs. Luke Wilson. First cancer 
research fellowships approved, 1/3. 

1 939 PHS transferred from Treasury Department to Federal Security Agency in Reorganization Act of 1 939, 4/3 (P.L.76-1 9). 

1943 NIH given bureau status in PHS, 11/11. 

1944 PHS Act approved, providing NIH with general research authority, making NCI a part of NIH, and including provi- 
sion under which Clinical Center was later established, 7/1 (P.L.78-410). 

1945 Research grants extended, with central NIH responsibility. 



1946 Division of Researcli Grants (DRG) created to assume transferred World War II projects and to operate program 
of extramural researcii and fellowship awards. National Mental Health Act passed, 7/3 (P.L.79-487). 

1947 First training grants (NCI). DRG starts research fellowship program. Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 
(EBMI) established by order of Surgeon General, 12/11. 

1948 Under National Heart Act, NIH becomes National Institutes of Health, 6/16, and National Heart Institute (NHI) is 
established, 8/1 (P.L.80-655). National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR) established, 9/16 (P.L.80-755). National 
Microbiological Institute (NMI) formed, 1 1/1 . Rocky Mountain Laboratory and Biologies Control Laboratory become 
part of NMI. 

1949 National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) established under authority of 1946 Act, incorporating Division of Men- 
tal Hygiene, 4/15. First issue of NIH f?ecord published, 5/20. 

1950 Two Institutes established under Omnibus Medical Research Act, (8/15, P. L.81-692)— National Institute of 
Neurological Diseases & Blindness (NINDB), 1 1/22, and National Institute of Arthritis & Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD), 
12/29, the latter absorbing EBMI. Act gives Surgeon General authority to establish new institutes. 

1953 PHS becomes a constituent of newly created Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), 4/11 (P.L.83-3). 
Clinical Center dedicated, 7/2. 

1955 NMI becomes National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID), 12/29, by order of Surgeon General. 
Division of Biologies Standards (DBS) formed, assuming NMI's biologies control function. Division of Research 
Services (DRS) created. Cancer Chemotherapy National Service Center established, 4/1. 



1956 Health Research Facilities Act passed, authorizing matching grants for research construction in non-Federal in- 
stitutions, 7/30 (P.L.84-835). Medical Library becomes National Library of Medicine (NLM) under PHS, 10/1 
(P.L84-941). 

1958 Division of General Medical Sciences (DGMS) created by order of Surgeon General, 7/16. 

1959 Office of Administrative Management (OAM) formed, consolidating managerial responsibilities. 

1960 PHS Act amended to provide for general support of research and research training programs in nonprofit institu- 
tions, 9/15 (P.L.86-798). International Health Research Act extends NIH international programs, 7/12 {P.L.86-610). 

1961 Center for Research in Child Health created by Surgeon General in DGMS, 2/17. 

1962 Division of Research Facilities and Resources (DRFR) established, 7/15. NLM moves to NIH reservation. 

1963 Two Institutes established (authorized 10/1/62, P. L.87-838)— National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 
superseding DGMS, and National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD), 1/30. Health Research 
Facilities Act of 1956 amended, 9/24 (P.L.88-129). 

1 964 Division of Computer Research and Technology (DCRT) established, 4/1 6. Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval 
System (MEDLARS) becomes operational at NLM. 

1965 NIH Animal Center, Poolesville, Md., opens 5/27. Medical Library Assistance Act passed, 10/22 (P.L.89-291), 
authorizing NLM extramural programs. NHI Gerontology Branch transferred to NICHD, 12/2. 



1966 Division of Regional Medical Programs (DRMP) created, 2/1 , to administer the "Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke 
Amendments of 1965" (authorized 10/6/65, P.L.89-239). Division of Environmental Health Sciences (DEHS) establish- 
ed, 11/1. Advisory Committee to the Director, NIH, appointed, 11/9. 

1967 NIMH becomes separate bureau of PHS, 1/1. Toxicology Information Program established at NLM, 1/1. 

1968 John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences (FIC) established. National Eye 
Institute (NEI) established, 2/26 (P.L.90-489). NINDB becomes National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Stroke 
(NINDS), 10/24 (P.L.90-639). 

PHS reorganized under Assistant Secretary for Health & Scientific Affairs, 4/1 . Bureau of Health Manpower (BHM), 
formed in PHS the previous year, and NLM become components of NIH, 4/1. DRMP transferred to Health Ser- 
vices & Mental Health Administration, PHS. Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications establish- 
ed at NLM. 

1969 DRFR renamed Division of Research Resources (DRR) within BHM, 1/4. DEHS becomes the National Institute 
of Environmental Health Science (NIEHS), 1/12. NHI redesignated as National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI), 1 1/10. 

1970 DRR separated from BHM(E), 9/18. PHS Act amended, 10/30 (P.L.91-515); includes authorization of mission-related 
clinical training (as well as research training) by NIGMS and directives on advisory councils and committees. Family 
Planning Services and Population Research Act of 1970 enacted, 12/24 (P. L. 91-572). 

1971 National Cancer Program established, 5/22 (P.L.92-18). National Cancer Act of 1971, 12/23 (P.L.92-218). Sickle 
Cell Disease program initiated in NHLI. 



National Sickle Cell Anemia Control Act of 1972, 5/16 (P.L.92-294). NCI gains bureau status within NIH (under 
National Cancer Act of 1971). NIAMD becomes National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & Digestive Diseases 
(NIAMDD), 5/19 (P.L.92-305). National Heart, Blood Vessel, Lung, & Blood Disease Program established; bureau 
status for NHLI within NIH authorized, 9/19 (P.L.92-423). DBS transferred to Food & Drug Administration (FDA- 
PHS), where it becomes Bureau of Biologies, 7/1 . National Cooley's Anemia Control Act passed, 8/29 (P.L.92-414). 
National Commission on Multiple Sclerosis Act passed, 10/25 (P.L.92-563). 

PHS reorganization establishes new agencies, 7/1: Health Resources Administration (HRA); Health Services Ad- 
ministration (HSA); Center for Disease Control (CDC); and Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administra- 
tion (ADAMHA). Bureau of Health Manpower Education (BHME, formerly BHM) transferred to HRA, 7/1 . (See cur- 
rent organization chart, page i). 

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act of 1974, 4/22 (P.L.93-270). Research on Aging Act of 1974 creates National 
Institute on Aging (NIA), 5/31 (P.L.93-296). PHS Act amended to revise research training authority, establish Na- 
tional Research Service Awards (NRSA) authority and National Commission for Protection of Human Subjects, 
7/12 (P.L.93-348). National Cancer Act Amendments of 1 974 establishes President's Biomedical Research Panel; 
extends indefinitely the research contract authority of Section 301 (h) of the PHS Act; provides that Director, NIH, 
shall be appointed by President with advice and consent of Senate; requires peer review of NIH grant applications 
and contract projects, 7/23 (P.L.93-352). Health Services Research and Evaluation Act of 1974 extends FIC authority, 
7/23 (P.L.93-353). National Diabetes Mellitus Research and Education Act, 7/23 (P.L.93-354). 

National Arthritis Act, 1/4 (P.L.93-640). NINDS becomes National Institute of Neurological & Communicative Disorders 
& Stroke (NINCDS), 3/13. NIA established; Gerontology Research Center (Baltimore) transferred from NICHD, 
becoming NIA intramural arm, 7/6. National commissions for epilepsy and Huntington's disease established, 7/29 
(P.L.94-63). 



1976 Health Research and Health Services Amendments of 1976, 4/22 (P.L.94-278) includes authorization for broad- 
based genetic diseases research, and changes NHLI to National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Ar- 
thritis, Diabetes, & Digestive Diseases Amendments of 1976 establishes National Arthritis Advisory Board; Na- 
tional Diabetes Board; National Commission on Digestive Diseases, 10/19 (P.L94-562). NIH issues Guidelines 
for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules, 6/23, with major revisions 12/22/78, 1/29/80, 1 1/21/80, 7/1/81 , 
and 4/21/82. 

1977 First NIH conference for technical consensus development sponsored (see Table 4). Ethics Advisory Board 
appointed. 

1978 Federal Grant & Cooperative Agreement Act of 1977 establishes cooperative agreements as award mechanism, 
2/3/78 (P.L.95-224). NIH Office for Medical Applications of Research (OMAR) established, 10/13. NIH and new 
HEW National Institute for Handicapped Research to coordinate studies, 11/6 (P.L.95-602). National Center for 
Health Care Technology (NCHCT) created in Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health; works closely with OMAR, 
11/9 (P.L.95-623). National Toxicology Program established by Executive Order, 11/15. 

1979 Committee on Federal Research Into the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation chartered, 6/8. 

1980 HEW becomes Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), 5/7 (under Department of Education Organization 
Act, 10/17/79 [P.L.96-88]). HHS Health Research Plan issued, 12/80. 

1981 NIAMDD renamed National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIADDK) (under 
P.L.96-538, 12/17/80), with Advisory Boards and interagency coordinating committees for each area. 

1982 NIADDK gains bureau status within NIH, 4/22. 



ABBREVIATIONS 



A & S — arts & sciences 

ADAMHA — Alcohol, Drug Abuse, & Mental Health 

Administration 
AEC — Atomic Energy Commission 
B & F — buildings & facilities 
BHME — Bureau of Health Manpower Education 
BRS — biomedical research support grants 
CC — Clinical Center 
CDC — Centers for Disease Control 
DBS — Division of Biologies Standards 
DCRT — Division of Computer Research & Technology 
DEHS — Division of Environmental Health Sciences 
DGMS — Division of General Medical Sciences 
DPA — Division of Program Analysis 
DRG — Division of Research Grants 
DRMP — Division of Regional Medical Programs 
DRR — Division of Research Resources 
DRS — Division of Research Services 
EBMl — Experimental Biology & Medicine Institute 



ERDA — Energy Research & Development Administration 

FDA — Food & Drug Administration 

FFRDC — Federally Funded R&D Center 

FIC — John E. Fogarty International Center for Advanced 

Study in the Health Sciences 
FY — fiscal year: 10/1-9/30, starting 10/1/76 (FY 1977); 

formerly 7/1-6/30 (see TQ) 
GNP — Gross National Product 
GRS — general research support grants to institutions 
HCFA — Health Care Financing Administration 
HEW — Department of Health, Education, & Welfare 
HHS — Department of Health & Human Services 
HRA — Health Resources Administration 
HSA — Health Services Administration 
l/RD — Institutes & Research Divisions 
MBS — minority biomedical support grants 
NCHCT — National Center tor Health Care Technology 
NCHS — National Center for Health Statistics 
NCI — National Cancer Institute 
NEI — National Eye Institute 



NHI — National Heart Institute 

NHLBI — National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute 

NHL! — National Heart & Lung Institute 

NIA — National Institute on Aging 

NIADDK — National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, & 

Digestive & Kidney Diseases (formerly NiAMDD) 
NIAID — National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases 
NIAMDD — National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism & 

Digestive Diseases 
NICHD — National Institute of Child Health & Human 

Development 
NIDR — National Institute of Dental Research 
NIEHS — National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences 
NIGMS — National Institute of General Medical Sciences 
NIH — National Institute of Health or (since 6/16/48) 

National Institutes of Health 
NIMH — National Institute of Mental Health 
NINCDS — National Institute of Neurological & 

Communicative Disorders & Stroke 



NINDB — National Institutes of Neurological Diseases & 

Blindness 
NINDS — National Institute of Neurological Diseases & Stroke 
NLM — National Library of Medicine 
NMI — National Microbiological Institute 
NRSA — National Research Service Awards 
NSF — National Science Foundation 
OA — Office of Administration, NIH 
OD — Office of the Director, NIH or l/RD 
OMAR — Office for Medical Applications of Research 
OPPE — Office of Program Planning & Evaluation, NIH 
PHS — Public Health Service 
RCPAs — research career program awards 
R&D — research and development 
R01 — DRG code for traditional research projects grants 
P01 — DRG code for research program project grants 
TQ — transition quarter between old FY ending 6/30/76 

and new FY beginning 10/1/76 



INDEX 



Pages 

Abbreviations 59-60 

Applications research 18 

Applications, research grant (time series) 38,39 

Number of applications 39 

Appropriations, NIH (time series) 9 

Award rates 40 

Awards (see also Construction, Contracts, 
Research grants. Research training) 

Aggregate by l/RD and performer 36 

By NIH component 23-25,27,36,48-49 

By performing institution 31-37 

By State 28-30 

Number of awards 22,27,32-35,37 

Time series 22-26,31 

Biomedical R&D price index (also see 

footnote p. 4) 11 

Biomedical research support and development 

grants 9,17,44-46 

Cancer control (see Control programs) 

Chronology (NIH) 52-58 

Clinical Center 51 

Codes, DRG 44 

Constant dollars 4,1 1 



Pages 

Consensus development conferences 6-8 

Cooperative agreement (see footnotes pp. 22,23,27,28,32) 

Construction (awards) 

By performing institution 33,35,37 

By State 28-30 

Number of awards 22,32-35,37 

Time series 22-23,37 

Construction (obligations) 10,12-17 

Contracts (awards) 

By NIH component 23,25,27,48-49 

By performing institution 33,35,37 

By State 28-30 

Number of awards 22,27,32-35,37 

Time series 22-26 

Contracts (obligations) 10,12-13 

Control programs (awards) 
Contracts (see footnote p. 22) 
Grants (also see footnotes pp. 22,27-28,32,34,37) 
(time series) 11,23 

Control programs (obligations) 11,10,12-13 

Deflator (biomedical R&D price index) 
(see footnote p. 4) 1 1 

Direct activities (also see footnote p. 18) .... 10,12-17 

Direct costs, research grants 50 



Pages 

Educational institutions (see Higher education) 

Federal support for health R&D 2-5 

Time series 2,4,5 

Fellowships (see Individual awards) 

Foreign institutions 2-3,5,30-33,36 

Foundations 2 

General research support (biomedical research 

support and development grants) . . 9,17,44-46,48-49 
Grants (see Awards, Construction, Obligations, 

Research grants. Research training) 

Health cost, national 1 

Health R&D support, national and Federal 1-5 

Federal by agency 5 

NIH 2-5 

By source or performing institution 2-5 

Higher education 2-3,5,31-36,50 

History (NIH) 52-58 

Hospitals, awards to 31-36,50 

Indirect costs, research grants 50 

Individual awards 12-17,22,26-30,33,35,37 

Number of awards 22,27,32-35,37 

Industry (profit institutions) . 2-5,31-33,36 

Institutes and Research Divisions 

(l/RD) 9-18,23-25,27,40,43,45-46,48-49 

Institutional grants 12-17,22,26-30,33,35,37 

Number of awards 22,27,32-35,37 



Pages 

Institutions, number of 32-33 

Intramural research 10,12-18 

Medical library grants 26 

Medical schools 5,31-37 

Minority biomedical research support grants 1 7,44-46,48-49 

Morbidity, U.S 20-21 

Mortality, U.S 19 

National Library of Medicine 

Appropriations 9 

Awards 22,25-26,28-30,33,35-37 

Number of awards 26 

Obligations 10-11 

Time series 9-11 ,22,25-26,37 

National support for health R&D 1-4 

Time series 1-2,4 

Obligations 

Health R&D, Federal 2-5 

By l/RD, program activity, and 
function/mechanism 12-17 

Time series, by function/mechanism 10 

Time series, by l/RD in current and constant dollars . . 11 

OMAR consensus development conferences 6-8 

Organization of PHS and NIH I 

Profit institutions (industry) 2-5,31-33,36 

Program activities, l/RD 12-17 

Program management (also see footnote p. 18) 10,12-17 



Pages 

Programs transferred out of NIH ii,52-58 

R&D obligations, Federal 2-5 

Research career program awards 

(RCPAs) 11,44-46,48-49 

Research grants (awards) 

Applications 38-39 

Award rates 40 

Biomedical research support and development 
grants (General research support) .... 44-46,48-49 

Centers, research 27-30,32,34,44-49 

Codes, DRG 44 

Competing, only 38-40 

Competing and noncompeting 41-44 

Direct and indirect costs 39,50 

By l/RD 23-25,27,43,45-46,48-49 

By kind (project, center, 

other) 27-30,32,34,44-49 

By performing institution 31-37 

Number of awards 42-47 

Program projects, research 44-49 

Projects, research 27-30,32,34,38-40,44-49 

By State 28-30 

Time series 22-25,37,38-42,47-50 

Traditional 44-49 



By type (new, renewal, contJQuatipri,, ,,, .. 

supplemental :'!^^'^"'. ^i'!';*;-.'; . 41-44 

Research grants (obligations) r- f. ;. . .■\ -lO.'l^-l? 

Research institutes, awards to 31-33,36,50 

Research training (awards) 
Fellowships (see Individual awards) 

Individual awards 22,26-30,33,35,37 

Institutional grants 22,26-30,33,35,37 

Number of awards 22,27,32-35,37 

By l/RD 23-25,27,48-49 

By performing institution 33,35,37 

By State 28-30 

Time series 22-26,37 

Research training (obligations) 10,12-17 

SATT category 18 

Science base 18 

Scientific evaluation grants II 

State and local institutions 2-3,5,31-33 

Technical Note ii 

Technology transfer 18 

Training (see Research training) 

Transition quarter (TQ) 11,60 

Voluntary health agencies 2 



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